Varėna

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For the city in Iran, see Varamin. For the comune in Italy, see Varena, Trentino.
Varėna
City
City clock
City clock
Coat of arms of Varėna
Coat of arms
Varėna is located in Lithuania
Varėna
Varėna
Location of Varėna
Coordinates: 54°12′40″N 24°34′20″E / 54.21111°N 24.57222°E / 54.21111; 24.57222Coordinates: 54°12′40″N 24°34′20″E / 54.21111°N 24.57222°E / 54.21111; 24.57222
Country  Lithuania
Ethnographic region Dzūkija
County Alytus County flag.png Alytus County
Municipality Varėna district municipality
Capital of Varėna district municipality
Varėna eldership
First mentioned 1377
Granted city rights 1946
Population (2011)
 • Total 9,240
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)

Varėna (About this sound pronunciation ) (Polish: Orany) is a city in Dzūkija, Lithuania.

History[edit]

The town was founded in 1862 near the Warsaw – Saint Petersburg Railway, 4 km (2.5 mi) south of Sena Varėna (Old Varėna). At that time it was a small settlement, but following steady development it eventually became the center of the district. In the interbellum period, following World War I, the town was annexed by Poland, and renamed Orany. It was located near the then Polish-Lithuanian border, in the Wilno-Troki County (Powiat wileńsko-trocki) of the Wilno Voivodeship. In 1939, following the German-Soviet Invasion of Poland, Varėna was returned to Lithuania. In 1946 around 2000 Poles were repatriated to Poland.[1]

Following industrialization in the 1970s, the town grew rapidly. Currently there are 9,240 residents in Varėna. The Varėna district is the largest and most forested region in Lithuania.

Gallery[edit]

Famous people[edit]

Lithuanian painter and composer Mikalojus Konstantinas Čiurlionis was born in Sena Varėna in 1875.

International relations[edit]

Twin towns — Sister cities[edit]

Varėna is twinned with:

References[edit]

  1. ^ [1]