According to art. 1(3) of the Main Charter of the town the municipal area is divided into the 11 quarters of Götterswickerhamm, Löhnen, Mehrum, Möllen, Voerde, Stockum, Holthausen, Friedrichsfeld, Emmelsum, Spellen and Ork. These quarters are, however, not localities in the sense of art. 39 of the North-Rhine Westphalian Municipal Code (GO NW).
Voerde owes its name to a ford crossing a branch of the River Rhine, which existed there during Roman and Frankish times (the old spelling for Furt was "Fuerdt"). In 1244 the town was mentioned in records for the first time as a fiefdom and castle of the abbey of Werden.