Moers

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Moers
Moers Castle (2014)
Moers Castle (2014)
Coat of arms of Moers
Coat of arms
Moers is located in Germany
Moers
Moers
Coordinates: 51°27′33″N 6°37′11″E / 51.45917°N 6.61972°E / 51.45917; 6.61972Coordinates: 51°27′33″N 6°37′11″E / 51.45917°N 6.61972°E / 51.45917; 6.61972
Country Germany
State North Rhine-Westphalia
Admin. region Düsseldorf
District Wesel
Subdivisions 3
Government
 • Mayor Norbert Ballhaus (SPD)
Area
 • Total 67.68 km2 (26.13 sq mi)
Elevation 23 m (75 ft)
Population (2012-12-31)[1]
 • Total 103,504
 • Density 1,500/km2 (4,000/sq mi)
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes 47441 - 47447
Dialling codes 0 28 41
Vehicle registration MO (alternative: WES or DIN)
Website www.moers.de
The illuminated, 30 meters high mining lamp memorial by Otto Piene on the spoil tip Halde Rheinpreußen in the north of Moers during the blue hour

Moers (German pronunciation: [ˈmœʁs]; older form: Mörs; archaic Dutch: Murse, Murs or Meurs[2]) is a German city on the western bank of the Rhine. Moers belongs to the district of Wesel. It is the biggest city in Germany (and at present time the only one with more than 100,000 inhabitants) that is neither an urban district nor takes over district responsibilities.

History[edit]

The County of Moers in 1635
See also: and

Known earliest from 1186, the county of Moers was an independent principality within the Holy Roman Empire.

During the Eighty Years' War it was alternately captured by Spanish and Dutch troops, as it bordered the Upper Quarter of Guelders. During the war it finally fell to Maurice of Orange. As it was separated from the Dutch Republic by Spanish Upper Guelders it did not become an integral part of the Republic, though Dutch troops were stationed there.

After the death of William III of Orange in 1702 it was inherited by the king of Prussia. All Dutch troops and civil servants were expelled.

In 1795 it was annexed by France. At the Congress of Vienna in 1815 it was returned to Prussia and in 1871 it became part of the German Empire.

A target of the Oil Campaign of World War II, the Steinkohlenbergwerke (English: coal mine) Rheinpreussen synthetic oil plant in Moers,[3] was partially dismantled post-war.[4]

Gallery[edit]

Mayors[edit]

  • 1815-1820: Wilhelm Urbach
  • 1822-1830: von Nievenheim
  • 1830-1850: Friedrich Adolf Vinmann
  • 1850-1859: Karl von Strampff
  • 1860-1864: Gottlieb Meumann
  • 1864-1897: Gustav Kautz
  • 1898-1910: August Craemer
  • 1910-1915: Dr. Richard Glum
  • 1917-1937: Dr. Fritz Eckert
  • 1937-1941: Fritz Grüttgen
  • 1943-1945: Peter Linden
  • 1945-1946: Dr. Otto Maiweg
  • 1946: Karl Peschken
  • 1946-1952: Wilhelm Müller
  • 1952-1977: Albin Neuse (SPD)
  • 1977-1999: Wilhelm Brunswick (SPD)
  • 1999-2004: Rafael Hofmann (CDU)
  • 2004-0000: Norbert Ballhaus (SPD)

Sports[edit]

In 1985, the Moers´ Sports Club (volleyball) was formed, winning the 1989 Bundesliga championship.

Notable persons[edit]

International relations[edit]

Moers is twinned with: 1966 France Maisons-Alfort
1974 France Bapaume
1980 United Kingdom Knowsley (Merseyside)
1987 Israel Ramla
1989 Nicaragua La Trinidad, Nicaragua
1990 Germany Seelow (Brandenburg)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Amtliche Bevölkerungszahlen". Landesbetrieb Information und Technik NRW (in German). 31 July 2013. 
  2. ^ See also the common Dutch surname of (van) Meurs.
  3. ^ "Index - Tom Reel 304 : Documents taken from Steinkohlenbergwerk Rheinpreussen, Moers". Fischer-tropsch.org. Retrieved 2013-10-17. 
  4. ^ [1][dead link]

External links[edit]