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Moers ( German pronunciation: ; older form: [ˈmœʁs] Mörs; archaic Dutch: Murse, Murs or Meurs ) is a German city on the western bank of the [2 ] Rhine. Moers belongs to the district of Wesel. It is the biggest city in Germany (and at present time the only one with more than 100,000 inhabitants) that is neither an urban district nor takes over district responsibilities.
History [ edit ]
The County of Moers in 1635
Known earliest from 1186, the county of Moers was an independent principality within the
Holy Roman Empire.
Eighty Years' War it was alternately captured by Spanish and Dutch troops, as it bordered the Upper Quarter of Guelders. After the war it fell to Maurice of Orange. As it was separated from the Dutch Republic by Spanish Upper Guelders it did not become an integral part of the Republic, though Dutch troops were stationed there.
After the death of
William III of Orange in 1702 it was inherited by the king of Prussia. All Dutch troops and civil servants were expelled.
In 1795 it was annexed by France. At the
Congress of Vienna in 1815 it was returned to Prussia and in 1871 it became part of the German Empire.
A target of the
Oil Campaign of World War II, the Steinkohlenbergwerke (English: coal mine) Rheinpreussen synthetic oil plant in Moers, was partially dismantled [3 ] post-war. [4 ]
1815-1820: Wilhelm Urbach
1822-1830: von Nievenheim
1830-1850: Friedrich Adolf Vinmann
1850-1859: Karl von Strampff
1860-1864: Gottlieb Meumann
1864-1897: Gustav Kautz
1898-1910: August Craemer
1910-1915: Dr. Richard Glum
1917-1937: Dr. Fritz Eckert
1937-1941: Fritz Grüttgen
1943-1945: Peter Linden
1945-1946: Dr. Otto Maiweg
1946: Karl Peschken
1946-1952: Wilhelm Müller
1952-1977: Albin Neuse (
SPD) 1977-1999: Wilhelm Brunswick (
SPD) 1999-2004: Rafael Hofmann (
: Norbert Ballhaus ( SPD)
In 1985, the Moers´ Sports Club (volleyball) was formed, winning the 1989
Notable persons [ edit ]
International relations [ edit ]
twinned with: 1966 Maisons-Alfort
1980 Knowsley ( Merseyside)
1989 La Trinidad, Nicaragua
1990 Seelow ( Brandenburg)
See also [ edit ]
References [ edit ]
External links [ edit ]