Voorburg is a Dutch town and former municipality in the western part of the province of South Holland, the Netherlands. Together with Leidschendam and Stompwijk, it makes up the municipality Leidschendam-Voorburg. It has a population of approximately 39,000 people. It is considered to be the oldest city in The Netherlands and celebrated its 2000th year of existence in 1988.
In 2002, the cities of Leidschendam and Voorburg were merged under the new city name "Leidschendam-Voorburg". Situated adjacent to the city of The Hague, it is often regarded as one of its suburbs.
Voorburg, the most densely populated of the three towns in the municipality, has its roots in the 2nd century, when a local civilian settlement gained city rights from the Romans, becoming known as Forum Hadriani. It was positioned along the Fossa Corbulonis, a canal connecting the Rhine and the Meuse that had been dug in 47 C.E. by the Roman general Corbulo. This waterway is now known as the Rijn-Schie canal (more commonly referred to as the Vliet) and is still a dominant landmark of the present day borough.
Famous inhabitants of Voorburg include the 17th century author and poet Constantijn Huygens, who spent many years building his small country house Hofwijck with adjacent geometrically shaped gardens alongside the Vliet. His son, the famous astronomer and mathematician Christiaan Huygens, spent several years in his father's Voorburg country house. The house, located next to the main railway station, now functions as a museum. Philosopher Spinoza also lived in Voorburg (from 1663 to 1670).
Until 2009 Voorburg hosted the major branch of the country's statistics institute, the CBS, which provides most of the statistical data used by the government. That year the CBS relocated a few kilometers eastward to Leidschenveen, one of the new developments around the city of The Hague
Until June 2006 the town had three train stations : Voorburg, Voorburg 't Loo and Leidschendam-Voorburg station. The latter two are now part of Randstad Rail. Voorburg used to be an Intercity station, because there was an eternal agreement with the railways, that every passing train should stop. It lost that status, as the new train station is elevated and therefore no longer on the soil of Voorburg.
Voorburg Cricket Club (VCC) Sportpark Westvliet, The Hague Cricket ground
Voorburg Cricket Club (VCC) Sportpark Westvliet cricket ground was approved by the ICC as Netherlands' latest ODI venue. It joins the VRA ground in Amstelveen and the Hazelaarweg ground in Rotterdam in gaining ODI status. Bangladesh played one Twenty20 International match each against Scotland and Netherlands there in July 2012.
Notable people from Voorburg
- Daan van Bunge, cricketer
- Eljero Elia, Dutch footballer
- Marcellus Emants, author
- Guillaume Groen van Prinsterer, politician and historian
- Ehsan Jami, politician and activist
- Robert Jensen, television presenter
- Gerben Karstens, former professional cyclist
- Johan de Meij, conductor, trombonist, and composer
- Karen Mulder, former model
- Julian Thomas, singer-songwriter
- Pieter Winsemius, politician
- "Voorburg's Westvliet ground gets ODI status | Netherlands Cricket News". ESPN Cricinfo. Retrieved 2013-09-19.
- "Sportpark Westvliet | Netherlands | Cricket Grounds". ESPN Cricinfo. Retrieved 2013-09-19.
- "VRA Cricket Ground | Netherlands | Cricket Grounds". ESPN Cricinfo. Retrieved 2013-09-19.
- "Only T20I: Bangladesh v Scotland at The Hague, Jul 24, 2012 | Cricket Scorecard". ESPN Cricinfo. Retrieved 2013-09-19.
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