Where No One Has Gone Before
|"Where No One Has Gone Before"|
|Star Trek: The Next Generation episode|
Picard views the edge of the universe. The effects pictured were created by Robert Legato using water-reflection techniques and Christmas tree lights in his basement.
|Episode no.||Season 1
|Directed by||Rob Bowman|
|Written by||Diane Duane
|Featured music||Ron Jones|
|Cinematography by||Edward R. Brown|
|Original air date||October 26, 1987|
|List of Star Trek: The Next Generation episodes|
"Where No One Has Gone Before" is the fifth episode of the American science fiction television series Star Trek: The Next Generation, originally aired October 16, 1987 in broadcast syndication in the United States. A high-definition, remastered version of the episode received limited theatrical release for one day (with the episode "Datalore") to celebrate the 25th anniversary of the series on July 23, 2012. The story was originally developed with the title "Where None Have Gone Before" and was based on Diane Duane's book, The Wounded Sky. Duane and Michael Reaves pitched the idea to David Gerrold and Gene Roddenberry, and then submitted a script. Their script was subsequently rewritten by Maurice Hurley, whose first effort was poorly received; however, his rewritten version was filmed. The episode was the first of the series directed by Rob Bowman, who went on to direct twelve more episodes.
Set in the 24th century, Star Trek: The Next Generation follows the adventures of the crew aboard the Starfleet Starship Enterprise-D. In "Where No One Has Gone Before", the Enterprise is visited by Mr. Kosinski (Stanley Kamel) and an alien known as the Traveler (Eric Menyuk). The Traveler sends the Enterprise to distant parts of the universe, and help is required from Wesley Crusher (Wil Wheaton) to bring the ship back home.
In this episode, Menyuk made the first of three appearances as the Traveler. Biff Yeager made his first appearance as the longest-running chief engineer of the first season.
The Enterprise meets the USS Fearless to bring aboard Mr. Kosinski (Stanley Kamel), a Starfleet propulsion expert who plans to run tests on the warp engines to improve their efficiency. With Kosinski is his assistant, an alien being from Tau Alpha C known as the Traveler (Eric Menyuk). As Kosinski and the Traveler explain the tests to the engineering crew, Wesley Crusher (Wil Wheaton) quickly grasps what the tests are designed to accomplish and the Traveler expresses admiration for his problem-solving abilities. The test quickly goes awry when the Enterprise speeds up, surpassing the known capabilities of warp engines. Captain Picard (Patrick Stewart) orders the ship stopped, and the crew find themselves on the far side of the M33 Galaxy (more than 2.7 million light years from the Milky Way, the Enterprise's home galaxy). Although Kosinski is pleased with the results, he is reprimanded by Picard and asked to simply redo the process to return home. Crusher warns Commander Riker (Jonathan Frakes) that during the warp test, the Traveler appeared to drift out of reality. Kosinski begins the second test; Crusher and Riker observe the Traveler again drifting out, appearing more tired. The Enterprise again experiences a burst of speed and when it stops, the crew cannot determine their position. Picard demands that Kosinski get the crew home.
While Kosinski, the Traveler and the engineering crew work on reversing the process, the rest of the crew begin experiencing lifelike visions of their past (an effect of the strange space around them). After having a vision of his mother (Herta Ware) whom he called "Maman", Picard surmises that they have arrived at the theoretical Outer Rim (one of the oldest parts of the universe) and issues a Red Alert to awaken the crew from their visions. Finding Picard at the spot where he saw his mother, Riker brings up that Kosinski may have had nothing to do with the crazed warp jumps, which were more likely to be a result of the Traveler's illness; Trying to determine this theory, Picard has the alien moved to sick bay. Dr. Crusher (Gates McFadden) however cannot evaluate the Traveler's alien biology, and is unable to treat him. When Picard visits him in sick bay, the Traveler explains his ability to channel pure thought into reality. He brought the crew of the Enterprise to the Outer Rim, triggering similar effects in anyone within it to ascertain if they were ready to experience thought as reality. The Traveler confides to Picard that he looks for scientific prodigies such as the young Crusher, and Picard should nurture him. When he returns to the engineering section, the Traveler asks Crusher to assist him in returning the Enterprise to known space. As they concentrate, beginning to return the ship home, the Traveler again phases out and finally disappears. The Enterprise suddenly stops, and the crew is relieved to find themselves in Federation space (where they were before their first warp jump). After the incident, Picard finally promotes Crusher to acting ensign (following his own unspoken suggestion in The Naked Now) on the Enterprise for his performance.
The original story for "Where No One Has Gone Before" was developed before the start of Star Trek: The Next Generation, with Michael Reaves and Diane Duane invited to pitch story ideas. Duane did not belong to the Writers Guild of America (a requirement to write for the show at the time), and doubted she would be asked to write a script. Duane and Reaves worked together on several ideas; after a week, Reaves informed Duane that he developed an idea based on her Star Trek novel The Wounded Sky and asked her to collaborate with him. She worked on the story idea with Reaves, and they expanded the story slightly from Reaves' original idea. One version of the script involved the Enterprise causing the birth of a new universe, with a play on the Genesis creation narrative.
They pitched the story to story editor David Gerrold, who brought them to Star Trek creator Gene Roddenberry. Gene favored the story idea, suggesting changes which Reaves and Duane incorporated into a second draft. The episode was now entitled "Where None Have Gone Before", differing significantly from the final version: Kosinski roomed with Picard at Starfleet Academy, fathering a son at that time. The ship's travel differed; the Traveller was replaced by a "warpdrive booster" with a miniature black hole. In this version, the situation was resolved with a second miniature Enterprise imagined and pushed into the black hole on the full-sized ship. The interaction of the two black holes (and an even-smaller black hole on the miniature Enterprise) returns the full-sized ship near the location where it began to travel. After Duane and Reaves turned in the first version of the script based on that premise, nothing was heard from the TNG staff for two weeks.
The script was given to Maurice Hurley to rewrite. He took six weeks for the rewrite, and his initial version was received poorly by TNG executives. Hurley later said, "they absolutely hated it, I think they wanted to fire me, and they would have if I didn't have a guaranteed contract". He rewrote the script, and this version was filmed. Hurley was pleased with the result, saying that "everything about that episode worked". The final version differed significantly from the original Reaves-Duane script; Duane later said that only two scenes remained: where Picard sees his mother, and where he nearly falls out of the turbolift into space. Reaves later said that the episode "came together much better on the screen than we thought it would when we read the script. We were lucky, because it was out of our hands".
Direction and casting
Donald Petrie was originally signed to direct the episode, but dropped out to direct the film Mystic Pizza. Executive producer Robert Justman brought in Rob Bowman to direct his first Star Trek episode. Justman later said that this was one of his most-significant achievements on The Next Generation. Bowman worked on storyboards and set blocking for twenty days prior to shooting the episode. He was initially nervous about working on the show, and felt he had to prove himself because of his relative inexperience as a director. Bowman said that after the second day of filming it became easier, and credited the crew with making him feel welcome. He went on to direct twelve more episodes of The Next Generation.
Eric Menyuk was cast as the Traveler. The actor had previously been runner-up for the role of Data several weeks earlier (the role went to Brent Spiner). He was a Star Trek fan since age six, and would later return as the Traveler twice more: in "Remember Me" and "Journey's End". Menyuk's return in "Journey's End" would also mark the last on-screen appearance of Wesley Crusher. Biff Yeager made his Next Generation debut in "Where No One Has Gone Before" as Chief Engineer Argyle, who would become the most-frequently-appearing chief engineer of the first season (appearing twice). Geordi La Forge took over that role in the first episode of season two, "The Child". Stuntman "Dangerous" Dennis Madalone also made his series debut as the ensign threatened by his own (imagined) fire. From season three onwards he was stunt coordinator for The Next Generation, and continued to portray a number of crew members. Viewers learned Picard's mother's first name in "Chain of Command"; she was played in "Where No One Has Gone Before" by Herta Ware, who appeared in the 1985 science-fiction film Cocoon.
Visual effects and makeup
Some effects in the episode were created in Robert Legato's basement with water reflections and Christmas tree lights. The script was vague about what was seen at the end of the universe, so Legato played with the effects of water reflections on his basement wall. Shooting through BoPET film, he created multiple images which were layered over one another for the final effect (which Legato described as "peculiar and bizarre"). Christmas tree lights were suspended and moved, to create the blinking effect seen on screen.
The Klingon Targ was created by dressing a tamed wild boar (named Emmy Lou) in an outfit created by costume designer William Ware Theiss. Executive producer Robert Justman later recalled, "That pig smelled horrid. A sweet-sour, extremely pungent odor. I showered and showered, and it took me a week to get rid of it!" To appear as the Traveler, Eric Menyuk wore a prosthetic piece (created by Michael Westmore) on his forehead which ran into his hairline. He also wore a pair of false three-fingered hands, which were sold in the "It's A Wrap!" auction after the end of Star Trek: Enterprise. His Traveler costume was also sold at the auction.
"Where No One Has Gone Before" was the second episode scored by Ron Jones. Some themes in the soundtrack were rearrangements of Jerry Goldsmith's score from Star Trek: The Motion Picture. In the piece "Talk with Mom" (played during Picard's meeting with his mother), Jones tried to create an effect identical to the finale of Aaron Copland's 1944 Appalachian Spring. Alexander Courage's themes from The Original Series are included in a seven-note ostinato in the pieces "Log", "Visitors" and "Fly-By".
The score was recorded with a forty-piece orchestra. Jones formatted the orchestra to generate a bigger sound than normally heard on television soundtracks to make it sound more like Goldsmith's The Motion Picture score. Keyboards were used to make the cellos more prominent, and other changes included an increase in the mid-range of the string section. The soundtrack to "Where No One Has Gone Before" was released (as part of The Ron Jones Project box set of Star Trek: The Next Generation scores) in a limited run of 5,000 copies in 2010 by Film Score Monthly.
Several reviewers revisited the episode after the end of the series. Cast member Wil Wheaton later described the episode as "the first time The Next Generation really started to come together". However, the episode was flawed in dialogue and in Picard's changes in tone: "I'm not sure if that was a deliberate choice, so he would appear as a conflicted man, or if it was Patrick Stewart's natural warmth and kindness coming through the gruff demeanour Picard was written to have." When reviewing the show in 2006 for AOL TV, he gave it an overall score of B-plus. Keith DeCandido reviewed the episode for Tor.com, praising the guest actors; Stanley Kamel was "magnificent" and "ooze[d] arrogance, overconfidence, and bull in equal measure", while Herta Ware brought "tremendous gravitas" to her role. He described the episode as the best of the first season, with strong performances from the main cast, and gave it an overall score of eight (out of ten).
Zack Handlen reviewed the episode for The A.V. Club, saying that while it was an improvement on earlier episodes he had reservations about the use of Wesley Crusher. He called the "thoughts made flesh concept" a "cliche", but was "gratified to see the series actually trying for something a little beyond their reach, this early in the game". As for Wesley, Handlen thought that it was imposing a "Chosen One narrative" that brought "an unlikable character even further to the forefront of the action simply because some writer didn't get enough pats on the head growing up" and gave the episode a B-minus. Jamahl Epsicokhan, on his website Jammer's Reviews, said that it was the first time in the series that space itself generated "awe and wonder"; however, he thought the "fresh and intriguing" nature of the episode faded as it went along. He criticized Wesley Crusher, describing him as a "cloying geek" and "you just want to strangle him". He gave the episode a score of 2.5 (out of 4).
In Richard Hanley's book The Metaphysics of Star Trek the appearance of the Traveler in "Where No One has Gone Before" was described as a continuation of intellectually-advanced aliens in Star Trek, beginning in The Original Series with Apollo in "Who Mourns for Adonais?" and Gary Mitchell in "Where No Man Has Gone Before". Metaphysics is referenced in this episode by Wesley Crusher, who asks if thought is the basis of existence.
Home media and theatrical release
The first home-media release of "Where No One Has Gone Before" was on VHS cassette on April 1, 1992 in the United States and Canada. The episode was later included on the Star Trek: The Next Generation season-one DVD box set released in March 2002.
The most-recent release was as part of the season-one Blu-ray set on July 24, 2012. To celebrate the 25th anniversary of Star Trek: The Next Generation and promote the release of the first season on Blu-ray, the episodes "Where No One Has Gone Before" and "Datalore" received a theatrical release in the United States on July 23, 2012 in nearly 500 theaters. "Where No One Has Gone Before" was chosen by Star Trek experts Mike and Denise Okuda because of the unusual space special effects.
- Gross; Altman (1993): p. 158
- Reaves, Michael. "Preface to "Where None Have Gone Before"". Michael Reaves' Website. Archived from the original on April 21, 2003. Retrieved February 14, 2013.
- Duane, Diane (October 28, 2006). "Star Trek: The Next Generation: Where No One Has Gone Before". DianeDuane.com. Retrieved February 14, 2013.
- Nemecek (2003): p. 36
- Duane, Diane; Reaves, Michael. "Where None Have Gone Before". DianeDuane.com. Retrieved February 14, 2013.
- Gross; Altman (1993): p. 159
- "Looking Back At TNG With Director Rob Bowman, Part 1". Star Trek.com. December 3, 2012. Retrieved February 14, 2013.
- Westmore, Nazzaro (1993): p. 57
- Nemecek (2003): p. 37
- DeCandido, Keith (March 15, 2013). "Star Trek: The Next Generation Rewatch: "Journey’s End"". Tor.com. Retrieved March 21, 2013.
- DeCandido, Keith (May 23, 2011). "Star Trek: The Next Generation Rewatch: "Where No One Has Gone Before"". Tor.com. Retrieved February 14, 2013.
- DeCandido, Keith (August 11, 2011). "Star Trek: The Next Generation Rewatch: "The Child"". Tor.com. Retrieved March 21, 2013.
- Wheaton, Wil (October 27, 2006). "Star Trek The Next Generation: Where No One Has Gone Before". AOL TV. Retrieved February 14, 2013.
- "Star Trek: TNG "The Travellers Hands" from "Where No One Has Gone Before"". Star Trek Prop Collector.com. Retrieved February 15, 2013.
- "Star Trek: TNG "The Traveller Costume" from "Where No One Has Gone Before"". Star Trek Prop Collector.com. Retrieved February 15, 2013.
- Star Trek: The Next Generation: The Ron Jones Project (Media notes). Ron Jones. Film Score Monthly. 2010. Retrieved February 15, 2013.
- Hunt, James (October 12, 2012). "Revisiting Star Trek TNG: Where No-One Has Gone Before". Den of Geek. Retrieved February 14, 2013.
- Handlen, Zack (April 16, 2010). ""Where No One Has Gone Before"/"Lonely Among Us"/"Justice"". The A.V. Club. Retrieved February 15, 2013.
- Epsicokhan, Jamahl. "Star Trek: The Next Generation: "Where No One Has Gone Before"". Jammer's Reviews. Retrieved February 15, 2013.
- Hanley (1998): p. 37
- Hanley (1998): p. xvii
- "Star Trek: The Next Generation - Episode 6 (VHS)". Tower Video. Retrieved February 14, 2013.
- Periguard, Mark A (March 24, 2002). "'Life as a House' rests on shaky foundation". The Boston Herald. Retrieved October 13, 2012. (subscription required)
- Shaffer, RL (April 30, 2012). "Star Trek: The Next Generation Beams to Blu-ray". IGN. Retrieved October 17, 2012.
- "'Star Trek: TNG': Jonathan Frakes light years past 'Farpoint'". LA Times. June 19, 2012. Retrieved February 15, 2013.
- "Star Trek: The Next Generation 25th Anniversary Event to Head to Cinemas". Entertainment Close-up. June 11, 2012. Retrieved February 15, 2013.(subscription required)
- Gross, Edward; Altman, Mark A. (1993). Captain's Logs: The Complete Trek Voyages. London: Boxtree. ISBN 978-1-85283-899-7.
- Westmore, Michael G; Nazzaro, Joe (1993). Star Trek: The Next Generation Make-Up FX Journal. London: Titan. ISBN 978-1-85286-491-0.
- Hanley, Richard (1998). The Metaphysics of Star Trek. New York: Basic Books. ISBN 978-0-465-09124-9. (subscription required)
- Nemecek, Larry (2003). Star Trek: The Next Generation Companion (3rd ed.). New York: Pocket Books. ISBN 0-7434-5798-6.
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