White Pine, Tennessee

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White Pine, Tennessee
Town
S. State St./US 25E, facing north
S. State St./US 25E, facing north
Motto: Honoring our history, preparing for our future[1]
Location of White Pine, Tennessee
Location of White Pine, Tennessee
Coordinates: 36°6′31″N 83°17′31″W / 36.10861°N 83.29194°W / 36.10861; -83.29194Coordinates: 36°6′31″N 83°17′31″W / 36.10861°N 83.29194°W / 36.10861; -83.29194
Country United States
State Tennessee
Counties Jefferson, Hamblen
Settled 1780s[1]
Founded 1870[1]
Incorporated 1915[2]
Area
 • Total 2.5 sq mi (6.6 km2)
 • Land 2.5 sq mi (6.6 km2)
 • Water 0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation 1,138 ft (347 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 2,196
 • Density 880/sq mi (330/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code 37890
Area code(s) 865
FIPS code 47-80360[3]
GNIS feature ID 1304531[4]
Website whitepinetn.com

White Pine is a town in Hamblen and Jefferson counties in the U.S. state of Tennessee. It is part of the Morristown, Tennessee Metropolitan Statistical Area. The population was 2,196 at the 2010 census.[5]

History[edit]

European settlers first arrived in what is now White Pine in the 1780s. The community, originally known as "Dandridge Crossing," did not become a town until after the Civil War, when a railroad route was constructed in the area. The site chosen for the town was where the railroad tracks intersected a local stagecoach road. The town was laid out in the early 1870s. According to tradition, the town was named after a large pine tree that once stood along Main Street.[1]

Geography[edit]

White Pine is located at 36°6′31″N 83°17′31″W / 36.10861°N 83.29194°W / 36.10861; -83.29194 (36.108500, -83.291869).[6]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 2.5 square miles (6.6 km²), all land.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1920 421
1930 516 22.6%
1940 497 −3.7%
1950 790 59.0%
1960 1,035 31.0%
1970 1,532 48.0%
1980 1,900 24.0%
1990 1,771 −6.8%
2000 1,997 12.8%
2010 2,196 10.0%
Est. 2012 2,221 1.1%
Sources:[7][8]

As of the census[3] of 2000, there were 1,997 people, 828 households, and 579 families residing in the town. The population density was 786.7 people per square mile (303.6/km²). There were 886 housing units at an average density of 349.0 per square mile (134.7/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 95.74% White, 0.90% African American, 0.20% Native American, 0.20% Asian, 2.20% from other races, and 0.75% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.50% of the population.

There were 828 households out of which 30.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.2% were married couples living together, 14.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.0% were non-families. 27.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.41 and the average family size was 2.90[citation needed].

In the town the population was spread out with 24.2% under the age of 18, 8.7% from 18 to 24, 27.8% from 25 to 44, 23.8% from 45 to 64, and 15.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 89.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 83.8 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $25,078, and the median income for a family was $31,464. Males had a median income of $26,944 versus $22,989 for females. The per capita income for the town was $12,605. About 14.7% of families and 19.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 22.4% of those under age 18 and 20.1% of those age 65 or over.

Education[edit]

White Pine School - Kindergarten through Eighth grade

Media[edit]

  • Jefferson County Post – County paper published online daily
  • Standard Banner– County paper published bi-weekly
  • White Pine Weekly

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d David Noonkesser, "White Pine History," Town of White Pine website. Retrieved: 1 March 2013.
  2. ^ Tennessee Blue Book, 2005-2006, pp. 618-625.
  3. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  4. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  5. ^ "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (DP-1): White Pine town, Tennessee". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved November 22, 2011. 
  6. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  7. ^ "Census of Population and Housing: Decennial Censuses". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-03-04. 
  8. ^ "Incorporated Places and Minor Civil Divisions Datasets: Subcounty Resident Population Estimates: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". Population Estimates. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 11 December 2013. 

External links[edit]