William Hiseland

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William Hiseland
William Hiseland.jpg
Portrait of Haseland, from the museum of the Royal Hospital, Chelsea
Born (1620-08-06)6 August 1620
England
Died 7 February 1732/33
Resting place
Royal Hospital, Chelsea, London, England
Nationality English
Occupation Soldier
Known for Last survivor of the English Civil Wars

William Hiseland (6 August 1620 – 7 February 1732/33), sometimes spelt William Hasland or Haseland, was a long-lived English and later British soldier and reputed supercentenarian. In 1709, at the age of eighty-nine, he fought at the Battle of Malplaquet and was believed to be the oldest soldier on the field. He lived to become the last survivor of the English Civil Wars, which he had served in from 1642 to 1651.

Hiseland attained the rank of sergeant. In extreme old age he became a Chelsea pensioner, although he had to give up his place as an in-pensioner when he married at the age of 103. He is buried at the Royal Hospital, Chelsea.

Life[edit]

A native of Wiltshire, Hiseland first became a soldier at the age of thirteen and served all through the English Civil Wars.[1] A Royalist, he fought for King Charles at the Battle of Edgehill on 23 October 1642.[2] As well as his service in the Civil War, he followed the colours again in the Williamite War in Ireland and in the War of the Spanish Succession.[3] He was the last survivor of Edgehill and retired with the rank of sergeant.[2]

Amid the War of the Spanish Succession, Hiseland was one of the seasoned campaigners the Duke of Marlborough took into Flanders in June 1709. At the Battle of Malplaquet on 11 September 1709 Hiseland served with the Royal Scots, and the regiment claimed the distinction of having both the oldest and the youngest men on the field, as a Private McBain carried his three-week-old baby son throughout the battle in a knapsack.[4]

Charles Lennox, 1st Duke of Richmond, rewarded Hiseland's long service with a pension of one crown a week, and this was matched by Sir Robert Walpole,[1] until in recognition of his 80 years of service to the Crown Hiseland was given a place as an in-pensioner of the Royal Hospital, Chelsea.[5] He attained the age of 100 while in the Royal Hospital, but at the age of 103 had to leave and become an out-pensioner following his marriage.[4] After his wife died he returned as an in-pensioner and died at the age of 112.[2][6]

On 1 August 1730 Hiseland sat for a portrait in oils by George Alsop.[7] This survives in the museum of the Royal Hospital.[2]

Monument[edit]

The inscription on Hiseland's tomb in the Royal Hospital's burial ground reads as follows:

Here Lies WILLIAM HISELAND
A Vetran if ever Soldier was
Who merited well a Pension
If Long Service be a Merit
Having served upwards of the Days of Man
Antient but not Superannuated
Engaged in a series of Wars Civil as well as Foreign
Yet not maimed or worn out by either
His Complexion was fresh & florid
His Health hale & hearty
His Memory exact & ready
In Stature He exceeded the Military size
In Strength He surpassed the prime of Youth
and What rendered his Age Still more Patriarchal
When above one Hundred Years Old
He took unto him a Wife
Read Fellow Soldiers and Reflect
That there is a Spiritual Warfare
As well as a Warfare Temporal
Born vj of August 1620 Died vij of Feb. 1732 Aged 112[8]

In this instance, "1732" refers to what is now called 1733, as at that time the calendar year began on Lady Day, 25 March, and not on 1 January.[9]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b The Wiltshire archaeological and natural history magazine, vol. 28 (Wiltshire Archeological and Natural History Society, 1896), p. 169: "This was William Hiseland (Hazeland P), born in the year 1620. during James the First's reign, and dying in 1732, in the reign of George II. He commenced his military career at the early age of 13, probably in the Earl of Pembroke's militia; he fought his way all through the Civil Wars, and was with William of Orange's army in Ireland, and closed his foreign services in the Flanders campaign under the renowned Duke of Marlborough. Either in active duty or as an invalid he bore arms for the extraordinary period of eighty years."
  2. ^ a b c d Robert Winder, It's a grand life for Chelsea's men in scarlet in The Independent dated 9 May 1999
  3. ^ William White, ed., Notes and Queries, vol. 114 (Oxford University Press, 1906), p. 82
  4. ^ a b The final days of the old Scottish Regiments from The Scotsman dated 26 May 2006 at electricscotland.com, accessed 19 February 2012: "Also serving in the regiment as a soldier that day was William Hiseland, born in 1620, who, at 89, was almost certainly the oldest man on the field. Having survived the battle he lived until the age of 112, dying in 1732, as an in-pensioner at the Royal Hospital Chelsea, having got married at the age of 103."
  5. ^ A SOLDIER OF GREAT AGE in The New York Times dated 10 February 1886
  6. ^ Thomas Faulkner, An historical and topographical description of Chelsea, and its environs (1810), p. 183
  7. ^ Inscription on face of portrait (illustrated)
  8. ^ 'Appendix: The burial ground of the Royal Hospital', in Survey of London, volume 11: Chelsea, part IV: The Royal Hospital (1927), pp. 70–89 at british-history.ac.uk, accessed 11 February 2012
  9. ^ Mike Spathaky, Old Style and New Style Dates and the change to the Gregorian Calendar: A summary for genealogists at cree.name, accessed 19 February 2012