Winslow Reef, Phoenix Islands

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Winslow Reef
Location of Phoenix Islands
Location of Phoenix Islands
Summit depth 11 metres
Location
Location central Pacific Ocean
Group Phoenix Islands
Coordinates 01°36′S 174°57′W / 1.600°S 174.950°W / -1.600; -174.950Coordinates: 01°36′S 174°57′W / 1.600°S 174.950°W / -1.600; -174.950
Country Kiribati
Geology
Type Reef
History
Discovery date 1851
Discovered by Perry Winslow
Main article: Kiribati

Winslow Reef is an underwater feature of the Phoenix Islands, Republic of Kiribati, located 200 km north-northwest of McKean Island at 01°36′S 174°57′W / 1.600°S 174.950°W / -1.600; -174.950. It is the northernmost and westernmost feature of the Phoenix Islands, not counting the outlying Baker and Howland Islands. It has a least depth of 11 metres. The reef is about 1.6 km long east-west, and about half that wide. The bottom is pink coral and red sand. Winslow Reef is mentioned by Robert Louis Stevenson, who sailed over an area thought to be Winslow Reef in late 1889, but did not find it.[1]

The reef was discovered by the whaler Phoenix in 1851, and the name of the whaler became attached to the entire group of islands.[2] Perry Winslow was the master of the Phoenix on this voyage.[3]

It is part of the Phoenix Islands Protected Area and is therefore a protected nature reserve.

The Winslow Reef borders the U.S. Howland-Baker EEZ.[4] The PacIOOS mentions that Winslow Reef is "on the southeast boundary line of the EEZ".[5]

It is not to be confused with Winslow Reef in the Cook Islands at 20°38′S 160°56′W / 20.633°S 160.933°W / -20.633; -160.933.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Stevenson, Robert Louis (August 1998). "Chapter 13, Part V" (e-book). Letters of Robert Louis Stevenson. Volume 2. Seattle, Washington, USA.: The World Wide SchoolTM. Retrieved 2008-12-17. "We had one particularity: coming down on Winslow Reef, p. d. (position doubtful): two positions in the directory, a third (if you cared to count that) on the chart; heavy sea running, and the night due. The boats were cleared, bread put on board, and we made up our packets for a boat voyage of four or five hundred miles, and turned in, expectant of a crash. Needless to say it did not come, and no doubt we were far to leeward." 
  2. ^ Denger, Otto; Gillaspy, Edwin (August 15, 1955). Atoll Research Bulletin, Canton Island, South Pacific (PDF) 41. Washington DC: Pacific Science Board, National Academy of Sciences-National Research Council. p. 6. Retrieved 2008-12-17. "The whaler 'Phoenix' discovered Winslow Reef, northwest of Canton, in 1851, and the name of this vessel became attached to the entire group of islands." 
  3. ^ Ships' Log Collection, Phoenix, Nov. 7, 1848 – Feb. 5, 1853. In the Nantucket Historical Association, Resource Library and Archives. [1]
  4. ^ "Phoenix Island protected area. Management plan, 2009-2014." (pdf). UNESCO. Retrieved 2012-02-20. 
  5. ^ "PacIOOS. Howland & Baker". Pacific Islands Ocean Observing System. Retrieved 2012-02-23. 

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