Wolfiporia extensa

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Wolfiporia extensa
Tuckahoe.jpg
Wolfiporia extensa sclerotium
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Fungi
Division: Basidiomycota
Class: Agaricomycetes
Order: Polyporales
Family: Fomitopsidaceae
Genus: Wolfiporia
Species: W. extensa
Binomial name
Wolfiporia extensa
Synonyms
  • Pachyma cocos Fr. (1822)
  • Sclerotium cocos Schwein. (1822)
  • Daedalea extensa Peck (1891)
  • Poria cocos F.A.Wolf (1922)
  • Macrohyporia cocos (Schwein.) I.Johans. & Ryvarden (1979)
  • Macrohyporia extensa (Peck) Ginns & J.Lowe (1983)
  • Wolfiporia cocos (F.A.Wolf) Ryvarden & Gilb. (1984)

Wolfiporia extensa (Peck) Ginns (syn. Poria cocos F.A. Wolf) is a fungus in the Polyporaceae family. It is a wood-decay fungus but has a terrestrial growth habit. It is notable in the development of a large, long-lasting underground sclerotium that resembles a small coconut. This sclerotium called "(Chinese) Tuckahoe" or fu-ling, is not the same as the true Tuckahoe used as Indian bread by Native Americans, which is the Arrow Arum, Peltandra virginica, a flowering tuberous plant in the arum family. It is also used as a medicinal mushroom in Chinese medicine.[1] Indications for use in the traditional Chinese medicine include causing urination, to invigorate the spleen function, and to calm the mind.[2]

Common names include hoelen, poria, tuckahoe, China root, fu ling (茯苓, pīnyīn: fúlíng), and matsuhodo.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Esteban CI (June 2009). "Interés medicinal de Poria cocos (= Wolfiporia extensa)" [Medicinal interest of Poria cocos (= Wolfiporia extensa)]. Revista Iberoamericana De Micología (in Spanish) 26 (2): 103–7. doi:10.1016/S1130-1406(09)70019-1. PMID 19631158. 
  2. ^ Wang L, Waltenberger B, Pferschy-Wenzig EM, et al. (July 2014). "Natural product agonists of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARγ): a review". Biochemical Pharmacology. doi:10.1016/j.bcp.2014.07.018. PMC 4212005. PMID 25083916. 

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