Cancer Research UK

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Cancer Research UK
Cancer Research UK.svg
Type Charitable organisation
Registration No. England and Wales: 1089464 Scotland: SC041666 Isle of Man: 1103
Founded 4 February 2002 (2002-02-04)
Headquarters
  • Angel Building, 407 St John Street, London, EC1V 4AD
Coordinates 51°31′54″N 0°06′24″W / 51.531545°N 0.106587°W / 51.531545; -0.106587
Key people Harpal Kumar
Area served United Kingdom
Focus(es) Cancer research, Health policy
Revenue £537 million (2013)[1]
Volunteers 40,000 (2011)[2]
Employees 3,985 (2011)[2]
Motto Together we will beat cancer
Formerly called Imperial Cancer Research Fund, The Cancer Research Campaign
Website www.cancerresearchuk.org

Cancer Research UK is a cancer research and awareness charity in the United Kingdom,[3] formed on 4 February 2002 by the merger of The Cancer Research Campaign and the Imperial Cancer Research Fund.[4] Its aim is to reduce the number of deaths from cancer. As the world's largest independent cancer research charity[5][6] it conducts research into the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of the disease. Research activities are carried out in institutes, universities and hospitals across the UK, both by the charity's own employees and by its grant-funded researchers. It also provides information about cancer and runs campaigns aimed at raising awareness of the disease and influencing public policy.[7][8][9]

Cancer Research UK's work is almost entirely funded by the public. It raises money through donations, legacies, community fundraising, events, retail and corporate partnerships. Over 40,000 people are regular volunteers.[2]

On 18 July 2012 it was announced that Cancer Research UK was to receive its largest ever single donation of £10 million from an anonymous donor. The money will go towards the £100 million funding needed for the Francis Crick Institute in London, the largest biomedical research building in Europe.[10]

History[edit]

The Imperial Cancer Research Fund (ICRF) was founded in 1902 as the Cancer Research Fund, changing its name to the Imperial Cancer Research Fund two years later. The charity grew over the next twenty years to become one of the world's leading cancer research charities.[11] Its flagship laboratories at Lincoln's Inn Fields and Clare Hall are now known as the Cancer Research UK London Research Institute.[5]

The British Empire Cancer Campaign (BECC) was founded in 1923, and initially drew a hostile response from ICRF and the Medical Research Council, who considered it a rival.[11][12] "The Campaign", as it was colloquially known, became a very successful and powerful grant-giving body. In 1970, the charity was renamed The Cancer Research Campaign (CRC).[12]

In 2002 the two charities agreed to merge to form Cancer Research UK, the largest independent research organisation in the world dedicated to fighting cancer (the largest, the National Cancer Institute, is funded by the US Government).[13][14] At the time of the merger, the ICRF had an annual income of £124m, while the CRC had an income of £101m.[13]

Activities[edit]

Cancer Research UK Cambridge Research Institute

Research[edit]

In the financial year 2010/11 the charity spent £332 million on cancer research projects (around 69% of its total income for that year). The bulk of the remaining costs were spent on trading and fundraising costs, with a small amount also spent on information services, campaigning and advocacy, administration, on other activities, or held in reserve.[2] The charity funds the work of over 4,000 researchers, doctors and nurses throughout the UK, supports over 200 clinical trials and studies cancer and cancer risk in over a million people in the UK.[15] Around 40% of the charity's research expenditure goes on basic laboratory research relevant to all types of cancer into the molecular basis of cancer. The research is intended to improve understanding of how cancer develops and spreads and thus provide a foundation for other research.[16] The rest of its funding is used to support research into over 100 specific cancer types, focusing on key areas such as drug discovery and development; prevention, early detection and imaging; surgery and radiotherapy; and cancers where survival rates are still low, such as oesophageal, lung and pancreatic cancers.[17]

The prostate cancer drug abiraterone was discovered in the Cancer Research UK Centre for Cancer Therapeutics at the Institute of Cancer Research in London.[18]

Information services[edit]

The charity provides information to the general public, the scientific community and healthcare professionals. Through CancerHelp UK, a website written in Plain English for anyone affected by cancer, it provides information on cancer and cancer care, and a unique clinical trials database.[4] A specialist team of cancer information nurses provides a confidential telephone service, the Cancer Chat forum provides a place for users to talk to others affected by cancer, and mobile cancer awareness units deliver health information to locations where cancer incidence and mortality are higher than average. It also provides publications for the public to order and download at www.cancerresearchuk.org/leaflets.

Cancer Research UK also publishes a twice-monthly professional medical journal, the British Journal of Cancer.

Influencing public policy[edit]

The charity works with the UK governments to inform and improve cancer services. It worked to bring about the smoking ban in England and continues to campaign for further action on smoking.[19] The charity lobbies for better screening programmes and advises on access to new cancer medicines, amongst other issues.

Partnerships[edit]

Cancer Research UK charity shop in Horsforth, Leeds.

The charity works in partnership with other organisations. These include the UK Department of Health, the Wellcome Trust, the National Health Service, NICE, and the National Cancer Intelligence Network. It is one of the partners in the National Cancer Research Institute which also includes the Medical Research Council (UK) and Leukaemia & Lymphoma Research.[20] It is also a partner in the planned Francis Crick Institute.[21]

Criticism[edit]

In June 2011 Cancer Research UK was one of several health charities (along with the British Heart Foundation, the Alzheimer's Society and Parkinson's UK) targeted by the animal rights organisation Animal Aid in a publicity campaign involving a series of advertisements in British newspapers urging members of the public to stop giving donations to organizations that fund medical research involving animal experiments.[22][23]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Cancer Research UK, Registered Charity no. 1089464 at the Charity Commission
  2. ^ a b c d [1][dead link], Cancer Research UK, published 27 July 2011
  3. ^ Cancer Research UK, Registered Charity no. 1089464 at the Charity Commission
  4. ^ a b Gaze, Mark N.; Wilson, Isobel M. (15 July 2002). Handbook of Community Cancer Care. Cambridge University Press. p. 272. ISBN 978-1-84110-001-2. Retrieved 31 January 2011. 
  5. ^ a b "Cancer charity mega-merger". BBC News. 11 December 2001. 
  6. ^ http://www.charitiesdirect.com/charities/top500.php
  7. ^ "Annual Report and Accounts". 2001-12-11. Retrieved 2011-04-04. [dead link]
  8. ^ [2][dead link] Report on 2008/9 research activities
  9. ^ [3][dead link] Annual Review 2010/11
  10. ^ "Cancer Research UK is handed £10m". Cambridge News. 18 July 1012. 
  11. ^ a b Austoker, Joan. A history of the Imperial Cancer Research Fund, 1902-1986. Oxford University Press, 1988.
  12. ^ a b Cancer Research Campaign formerly British Empire Cancer Campaign, 1923-1981. Wellcome Library Archive. Retrieved 1 February 2011
  13. ^ a b World's biggest cancer charity formed, The Guardian, 4 February 2002.
  14. ^ "Cancer Research UK". Nat. Cell Biol. 4 (3): E45. March 2002. doi:10.1038/ncb0302-e45. PMID 11875441. 
  15. ^ "Cancer Research UK: What we do". Aboutus.cancerresearchuk.org. 2011-03-31. Retrieved 2011-04-04. [dead link]
  16. ^ "Cancer Research UK: Our strategy 2009-2014". Aboutus.cancerresearchuk.org. Retrieved 2011-04-04. 
  17. ^ Annual report and accounts | Cancer Research UK
  18. ^ Scowcroft H (21 September 2011). "Where did abiraterone come from?". Science Update blog. Cancer Research UK. Retrieved 2011-09-28. 
  19. ^ "Chief medic considered quitting". BBC News. 24 November 2005. Retrieved 1 February 2011. 
  20. ^ Rafi, Imran (4 January 2006). An Introduction to the Use of Anticancer Drugs. Elsevier Health Sciences. p. 12. ISBN 978-0-7506-8830-7. Retrieved 31 January 2011. 
  21. ^ "Project Press Release". UK Centre for Medical Research and Innovation web site. 21 June 2010. Retrieved 11 August 2010. [dead link]
  22. ^ Wright, Oliver (21 June 2011). "Animal rights group declares war on leading health charities". London: The Independent. Retrieved 9 July 2011. 
  23. ^ "Charities are attacked over experiments". The Scotsman (Edinburgh). 20 June 2011. 

External links[edit]