Yan Gamarnik

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Yan Gamarnik
Ян Гамарник
Gamarnyk.jpg
Leader of Kiev Bolsheviks
In office
1917–1918
Mayor of Kiev
In office
February 1920 – 1923
President Grigory Petrovsky
Preceded by Ipolit Dyakov
Succeeded by Hryhoriy Hrynko
Chairman of Kiev Governorate
In office
February 1920 – 1923
President Grigory Petrovsky
Preceded by Oleksandr Shumsky[1]
Succeeded by Hryhoriy Hrynko
Leader of Odessa Bolsheviks
In office
1919–1920
Chairman of Far-East Revkom
In office
1923 – January 4, 1926
President Mikhail Kalinin
Preceded by Nikolay Matveyev as the president of the Far-East Republic
Succeeded by himself as the chairman of Far-East Krai
Chairman of Far-East Krai
In office
January 4, 1926 – 1927
President Mikhail Kalinin
Preceded by himself as the chairman of Far-East Revkom
Succeeded by Sergei Chutskayev
Chief of Red Army Politcontrol
In office
October 1, 1929 – May 31, 1937
President Kliment Voroshilov
Preceded by Andrei Bubnov
Succeeded by Pyotr Smirnov
Personal details
Born Jakov Borysovych Pudykovich
June 2 [O.S. May 21] 1894
Zhytomyr, Volhynian Governorate, Russian Empire
Died May 31, 1937(1937-05-31) (aged 42)
Moscow, Soviet Union
Nationality Soviet
Political party CPSU (1916-)
CP(b)U (1918-)
Spouse(s)  ?
Children Viktoria Kochneva
Alma mater St Petersburg Psychoneurological Institute
Occupation military leader, revolutionary, politician
Military service
Allegiance Soviet Union
Service/branch Army
Years of service 1919-1937
Rank Army Commissar of 1st rank
Unit 58th Rifle Division
Commands Army Political Administration (1929-37)
Awards Order of the Red Banner (1928)
Order of Lenin (1933)

Yan Gamarnik (birth name Jakiv Borysovych Pudykovych (Ukrainian: Я́кiв Бори́сович Пудико́вич), sometimes known as Yakov Gamarnik (Russian: Яков Гамарник) (June 2 [O.S. May 21] 1894 – May 31, 1937) was a Soviet military commander and politician of Jewish ethnicity.

Biography[edit]

Gamarnik was born in Zhytomyr in a Jewish family as Jakiv Borysovych Pudykovych. He attended the St Petersburg Psychoneurological Institute and the Law School of Kiev University. In 1917 he became a member and the secretary of the Kiev committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union. From 1921 to 1923 Gamarnik was a chairman of the Kiev city council (see Mayor of Kiev). During his administration Kiev was divided into five districts. He went through many Communist Party positions, both civil and military, e.g. a First Secretary of the Belarusian Communist Party of Belorussia from December 1928 to October 1929.[2]

He was instrumental in preparing the 10-year development plan for the Far-Eastern region of the USSR.

An idealist, Gamarnik was a staunch supporter of Marshal Tukhachevsky's drive to make USSR a military superpower. In 1937 Gamarnik was accused of participating in an anti-Soviet conspiracy after the Case of Trotskyist Anti-Soviet Military Organization; however, shortly before the trial he had actually been called upon by the Soviet government to be one of the judges for the accused. He insisted on Tukhachevsky's innocence and later committed suicide before he could be punished for his actions. Only after this was he added to the list of conspirators. He was rehabilitated posthumously by the CC CPSU and Nikita Khrushchev in 1955.

Honours and awards[edit]

This article incorporates information from the equivalent article on the Russian Wikipedia.
  • The town Suchan was named Gamarnik in his honour (1932-1937)
Political offices
Preceded by
Ipolit Dyakov
Mayor of Kiev
1921–1923
Succeeded by
Hryhoriy Hrynko

References[edit]

  1. ^ Глава правительства Киевской области
  2. ^ Belarus

Sources[edit]