Yevhen Hrebinka

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Yevhen Pavlovych Hrebinka
Hrebinka Yevhen.jpg
Yevhen Hrebinka
Born Євген Павлович Гребінка
(1812-02-02)February 2, 1812
Ubizhyshche, Russian Empire
Died December 15, 1848(1848-12-15) (aged 36)
Saint Petersburg, Russian Empire
Occupation Poet
Nationality Ukrainian
Literary movement Romanticism

Yevhen Pavlovych Hrebinka (Ukrainian: Євген Павлович Гребінка) or Evgeny Pavlovich Grebyonka (Russian: Евге́ний Па́влович Гребёнка) (2 February 1812, Ubizhyshche, Poltava gubernia - 15 December 1848, Saint Petersburg) was a Ukrainian romantic [1] writer and poet. He wrote in both the Ukrainian and Russian languages.

His works first started being published in 1831. In 1834 he published "Little Russian Fables" in Moscow which, because of its vivid and pure language, wit, laconic style, and attention to ethnographic detail, ranks among the best collections of fables in Ukrainian literature.[2] Many of his lyrical poems, such as A Ukrainian Melody (1839) became folk songs. Hrebinka is recognized as a leading representative of the so-called "Ukrainian school" of Russian literature.[2] Many of his Russian language works include Ukrainian themes, such as Stories of a Pyriatynian (1837), the historical poems Getman Svirgovskii (1839) and Bogdan (1843), the novelette The Nizhen Colonel Zolotarenko (1842), and the novel Chaikovskii (1843). In 1843 he wrote a poem Dark Eyes that would later become a famous Russian song with the same name.

In Saint Petersburg in 1841, he compiled and published one of the first Ukrainian almanacs, called Lastôvka. It had 382 pages and contained works by many famous Ukrainian authors, along with Ukrainian folk songs, popular proverbs, and folktales.[3]

Hrebinka took kindly to the young enserfed artist Taras Shevchenko and helped connect him with Saint Petersburg elite who organized Shevchenko's liberation from serfdom in 1838. He also helped publish Shevchenko's Kobzar in 1840.[2]

His collected works were first published in 1862.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Bohdan Kravtsiv, Danylo Husar Struk (1993). "Romanticism". Encyclopedia of Ukraine. Retrieved 2008-04-22. 
  2. ^ a b c Koshelivets, Ivan (1993). "Yevhen Hrebinka". Encyclopedia of Ukraine. Retrieved 2008-04-22. 
  3. ^ "Lastôvka". Encyclopedia of Ukraine. 1993. Retrieved 2008-04-22.