Yitzhak Danziger

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Yitzhak Danziger
Izhakdanziger 1946.jpg
Yitzhak Danziger, 1940's
Born (1916-06-26)26 June 1916
Berlin, Germany
Died 11 July 1977(1977-07-11) (aged 61)
near Ramla, Israel
Nationality Israeli
Education

Slade School of Fine Arts

University of London
Known for Painting and Sculpture
Movement Canaanite Movement
Nimrod (1939), Israel Museum collection.
For the Fallen (1962), Beit Yad Lebanim, Holon
"Kesher Hadorot" (Connection between Generations), a monument to Clandestine Immigration at the entrance to the Clandestine Immigration and Naval Museum, Haifa, Israel
Sheep of the Negev (1963), Tel Aviv Museum of Art.
Relief (1958), Givat Ram, Jerusalem.

Yitzhak Danziger (Hebrew: יצחק דנציגר‎; 26 June 1916 – 11 July 1977) was an Israeli sculptor. He was one of the pioneer sculptors of the Canaanite Movement, and later joined the "Ofakim Hadashim" (New Horizons) group.

Early life[edit]

Danziger was born in Berlin in 1916 to a Zionist family. His father was a surgeon and served in the German Army during World War I.

The family immigrated to then Mandate Palestine in 1923 and settled in Jerusalem. Danziger studied art at the Slade School of Fine Art 1934–37. He was influenced by his visits to the British Museum, the Anthropological Museum and the art from Ancient Egypt, Assyria, Babylon, Persia, India and Oceania and Africa. These would later on play an important role in his sculptures.

Career[edit]

He returned to Palestine and set up a studio at Tel Aviv in 1937.

Danziger created his statue "Nimrod" in 1938–1939. The statue is 90 centimeters high and made of Red Nubian Sandstone imported from Petra in Jordan. It depicts Nimrod as a naked hunter, uncircumcised, carrying a bow and with a hawk on his shoulder. The style shows the influence of Ancient Egyptian statues.

The unveiling of the statue caused a scandal. The Hebrew University of Jerusalem which had commissioned Danziger's statue was not happy with the result and religious circles made strong protests.

Within a few years, however, the statue was universally acclaimed as a major masterpiece of Israeli art, and has noticeably influenced and inspired the work of later sculptors, painters, writers and poets up to the present.

The Nimrod Statue was also taken up as the emblem of a cultural-political movement known as "The Cannanites" which advocated the shrugging off of the Jewish religious tradition, cutting off relations with Diaspora Jews and their culture, and adopt in its place a "Hebrew Identity" based on ancient Semitic heroic myths – such as Nimrod's. Though never gaining mass support, the movement had a considerable influence on Israeli intellectuals in the 1940s and early 1950s.

Awards[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

General
  • "Yitzhak Danziger". Information Center for Israeli Art. Israel Museum. Retrieved 25 September 2011. 
Specific

External links[edit]