Yoshida Domain

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Yoshida Castle, administrative center of Yoshida Domain

Yoshida Domain (吉田藩 Yoshida-han?) was a Japanese feudal domain under the Tokugawa shogunate of Edo period Japan, located in Mikawa Province located in eastern Mikawa Province (modern-day eastern Aichi Prefecture), Japan. It was centered on Yoshida Castle in what is now the city of Toyohashi, Aichi. It was ruled by a number of different fudai daimyō over the course of the Edo period, before finally passing into the hands of the Matsudaira (Ōkōchi) clan. Just before its dissolution it was renamed, and it became the Toyohashi Domain (豊橋藩 Toyohashi-han?).

History[edit]

Following the Battle of Odawara in 1590, Toyotomi Hideyoshi transferred Tokugawa Ieyasu to the Kantō region, and gave a portion of his former territories in eastern Mikawa to Ikeda Terumasa. Terumasa developed the castle town around Yoshida Castle and embarked on a massive and ambitious expansion plan for the castle itself. However, following the Battle of Sekigahara, he was reassigned to Himeji Castle, and left Yoshida even before a central donjon had been completed.

Following the creation of the Tokugawa shogunate, Yoshida became center of Yoshida Domain. The holding was considered strategic due to its location. It was an post station on the Tōkaidō connecting Edo and Kyoto. It was also an ocean port and river port.

After the establishment of the Tokugawa shogunate, Yoshida Castle became the center of Yoshida Domain, a feudal domain, which occupied a strategic position on the Tōkaidō between Edo and Nagoya. The domain was assigned to several different fudai daimyō clans until coming into the possession of the Matsudaira (Nagasawa-Ōkōchi) clan in 1752, which remained in residence at Yoshida until the Meiji Restoration.

The final daimyō of Yoshida, Matsudaira Nobuhisa, held a number of important posts in the Bakumatsu period government. With the Boshin War, the samurai of the domain were deeply divided over which side to support. However, with the fall of Nagoya Domain to pro-Imperial forces in February 1868, he surrendered the castle without resistance to the Meiji government in March 1868. Due to possible confusion with Iyo-Yoshida Domain, the name of the domain was changed to “Toyohashi Domain” in June 1869.

After the end of the conflict, with the abolition of the han system in July 1871, Toyohashi Domain became “Toyohashi Prefecture”, which merged with the short lived Nukata Prefecture in November 1871, which later became part of Aichi Prefecture.

The domain had a population of 76,228 people in 17,517 households per a 1869 census.[1]

Holdings at the end of the Edo period[edit]

As with most domains in the han system, Yoshida Domain consisted of several discontinuous territories calculated to provide the assigned kokudaka, based on periodic cadastral surveys and projected agricultural yields.[2][3]

  • Mikawa Province
    • 5 villages in Nukata District
    • 47 villages in Kamo District
    • 54 villages in Hoi District
    • 67 villages in Atsumi District
    • 48 villages in Yana District
  • Tōtōmi Province
    • 3 villages in Kitō District
    • 19 villages in Fuchi District
  • Omi Province
    • 20 villages in Asai District
    • 2 villages in Ika District
    • 1 village in Takashima District

List of daimyō[edit]

# Name Tenure Courtesy title Court Rank kokudaka
Matsudaira Takenoya crest.gif Matsudaira (Takenoya) clan (fudai) 1600-1612
1 Matsudaira Iekiyo ( 松平 家清?) 1600–1610 Genba-no-kami (玄蕃頭) Lower 5th (従五位下) 30,000 koku
2 Matsudaira Tadakiyo ( 松平忠清?) 1610–1612 Genba-no-kami (玄蕃頭) Lower 5th (従五位下) 30,000 koku
Kasane-Ogi.gif Matsudaira (Fukōzu) clan (fudai) 1612-1632
1 Matsudaira Tadatoshi ( 松平忠利?) 1612–1632 Tonomo-no-kami (主殿頭) Lower 5th (従五位下) 30,000 koku
2 Matsudaira Tadafusa ( 松平忠房?) 1632–1632 Tonomo-no-kami (主殿頭) Lower 5th (従五位下) 30,000 koku
Japanese Crest Mizuno Omodaka.svg Mizuno clan (fudai) 1632-1645
1 Mizuno Tadakiyo ( 水野忠清?) 1632–1642 Hayato-no-kami (隼人正) Lower 5th (従五位下) 40,000 koku
2 Mizuno Tadayoshi ( 水野忠善?) 1642–1645 Daigenmotsu (大監物) Lower 5th (従五位下) 45,000 koku
Mon ogasawara.svg Ogasawara clan (fudai) 1645-1697
1 Ogasawara Tadatomo ( 小笠原忠知?) 1645–1663 Oki-no-kami (壱岐守) Lower 5th (従五位下) 45,000-->40,000 koku
2 Ogasawara Naganori ( 小笠原長矩?) 1663–1678 Yamashiro-no-kami (山城守) Lower 5th (従五位下) 40,000 koku
3 Ogasawara Nagasuke ( 小笠原長祐?) 1678–1690 Oki-no-kami (壱岐守) Lower 5th (従五位下) 40,000 koku
4 Ogasawara Nagashige ( 小笠原長重?) 1690–1697 Sado-no-kami (佐渡守) Lower 4th (従四位下) 40,000 koku
Japanese crest Kuze Takanoha.svg Kuze clan (fudai) 1697-1705
1 Kuze Shigeyuki ( 久世重之?) 1697–1705 Yamato-no-kami (大和守); Jijū (侍従) Lower 4th (従四位下) 50,000 koku
Maru-ni Mitsu-Gashiwa.png Makino clan (fudai) 1705-1712
1 Makino Nariharu ( 牧野成春?) 1705–1707 Bizen-no-kami (備前守); Jijū (侍従) Lower 4th (従四位下) 80,000 koku
2 Makino Narinaka ( 牧野成央?) 1707–1712 Bingo-no-kami (備後守) Lower 5th (従五位下) 80,000 koku
Maru ni Mitsu Ōgi inverted.png Matsudaira (Nagasawa-Ōkōchi) clan (fudai) 1712-1729
1 Matsudaira Nobutoki ( 松平信祝?) 1712–1729 Izu-no-kami (伊豆守), Jijū (侍従) Lower 4th (従四位下) 70,000 koku
Honjo family crest-svg.svg Matsudaira (Honjō) clan (fudai) 1729-1749
1 Matsudaira Sukenori ( 松平 資訓?) 1729–1749 Bungo-no-kami (豊後守) Lower 5th (従五位下) 70,000 koku
Maru ni Mitsu Ōgi inverted.png Matsudaira (Nagasawa-Ōkōchi) clan (fudai) 1752-1871
1 Matsudaira Nobunao ( 松平信復?) 1752–1768 Izu-no-kami (伊豆守) Lower 5th (従五位下) 70,000 koku
2 Matsudaira Nobuiya ( 松平信礼?) 1768–1770 Izu-no-kami (伊豆守) Lower 5th (従五位下) 70,000 koku
3 Matsudaira Nobuakira ( 松平 信明?) 1770–1817 Izu-no-kami (伊豆守) Lower 4th (従四位下) 70,000 koku
4 Matsudaira Nobuyori ( 松平信順?) 1817–1842 Izu-no-kami (伊豆守); Jiju (伊豆守) Lower 4th (従四位下) 70,000 koku
5 Matsudaira Nobutomi ( 松平信宝?) 1842–1844 Izu-no-kami (伊豆守) Lower 5th (従五位下) 70,000 koku
6 Matsudaira Nobuaki ( 松平信璋?) 1844–1849 Izu-no-kami (伊豆守) Lower 5th (従五位下) 70,000 koku
7 Matsudaira Nobuhisa ( 松平 信古?) 1849–1871 Izu-no-kami (伊豆守) Lower 5th (従五位下) 70,000 koku

References[edit]

  • Papinot, E (1910). Historical and Geographic Dictionary of Japan. Tuttle (reprint) 1972. 

External links[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Edo daimyo.net (Japanese)
  2. ^ Mass, Jeffrey P. and William B. Hauser. (1987). The Bakufu in Japanese History, p. 150.
  3. ^ Elison, George and Bardwell L. Smith (1987). Warlords, Artists, & Commoners: Japan in the Sixteenth Century, p. 18.