|岳敏君 Yue Minjun|
|Birth name||岳敏君 Yue Minjun|
|Field||Painting, Installation art, Sculpting|
|Training||Hubei Normal University, Oil Painting|
|Works||Execution, Backyard Garden, Hats|
Yue Minjun (Chinese: 岳敏君; born 1962) is a contemporary Chinese artist based in Beijing, China. He is best known for oil paintings depicting himself in various settings, frozen in laughter. He has also reproduced this signature image in sculpture, watercolour and prints. While Yue is often classified as part of the Chinese "Cynical Realist" movement in art developed in China since 1989, Yue himself rejects this label, while at the same time "doesn't concern himself about what people call him."
Yue Minjun was born in 1962 in the town of Daqing in Heilongjiang, China. Yue's family had been working on oil fields and when Yue was six, his family moved from Daqing Oil Field to Jianghan Oil Field. When he was ten, his family moved to Beijing. He eventually went to Tianjin after high school and moved to Hebei to find education and work, there he studied oil painting, he graduated from the Hebei Normal University in 1983. In the 1980s, he started painting portraits of his co-workers and the sea while he was engaged in deep-sea oil drilling. In 1989, he was inspired by a painting by Geng Jianyi at an art show in Beijing, which depicted Geng's own laughing face. In 1990, he eventually moved to Hongmiao in the Chaoyang District, Beijing, which was also home to other Chinese artists. During this period, his style of art developed out of portraits of his bohemian friends from the artists' village. It is important to note that Yue had been living a "nomadic" existence for much of his life, because his family often moved in order to find work on various oilfields. Labeled by critics as a very influential member of the Cynical Realism movement he found success and praise for his signature images in a variety of mediums including sculpture, water color, and print.
The roots of Yue Minjun's style can be traced back to the work of Geng Jianyi, which had first inspired Yue with his work of his own laughing face. Apart from that, Yue had also studied oil painting in the Hebei Normal University from 1985 to 1989. Over the years, Yue Minjun's style has also rapidly developed. Yue often challenges social and cultural conventions by depicting objects and even political issues in a radical and abstract manner. He has also shifted his focus from the technical aspects to the "whole concept of creation". His self-portraits have been described by theorist Li Xianting as “a self-ironic response to the spiritual vacuum and folly of modern-day China.” Art critics have often associated Yue with the Cynical Realism art movement in contemporary Chinese art. Yue is currently residing with fifty other Chinese artists in the Songzhuang Village. Since his debut, the work of Yue Minjun has been featured in numerous galleries in Singapore, Hong Kong and Beijing. His piece Execution became the most expensive work ever by a Chinese contemporary artist, when sold in 2007 for £2.9 million pounds (US $5.9 million) at London's Sotheby's. Until its sale at Sotheby's Hong Kong in 2007, this painting had been owned by Trevor Simon, a junior investment banker who bought it with about a third of his salary while working in the region. Simon kept this painting in storage for 10 years as required by the conditions of sale. The record sale took place week after his painting Massacre of Chios sold at the Hong Kong Sotheby's for nearly $4.1 million. 'Massacre of Chios' shares its name with a painting of the same name, by Eugène Delacroix, depicting the 1822 event in Greek history. As of 2007 thirteen of his paintings had sold for over a million dollars. One of his most popuar series was his "Hat" collection. This series, pictures Yue's grinning head wearing a variety of hats--a chef's hat, a Special Forces beret, the helmet of a British policeman, Catwoman's mask, and so on. The artist tells us that the series is about a "sense of the absurdity of the ideas that govern the sociopolitical protocol surrounding hats." The series nicely illustrates the way that Yue's character is universally adaptable, a sort of logo that can be attached to any setting to add value. When asked to participate in the Venice Biennale in 1999, Yue opted to begin fabricating bronze sculptural versions of his signature self-portrait paintings, playing off China's famous Qin Dynasty army of terracotta warriors. While the ancient sculptures are known for the subtle individuality of each of the warriors, his cackling modern-day version are relentlessly identical, cast from the same mold. In Noah's Ark, six of Yue's self-portraits sit in a small rowboat on a blue sea, squatting together, gripping their knees and screaming in silent laughter. In Solar System, three identical Yues are cackling at the bottom of the canvas, each clad only in underwear, giant plants wheeling behind them in outer space. During the "Year of China" in France in 2003/2004, he participated to the exhibition "China, the body everywhere?" including 39 Chinese contemporary artists such as Zhang Xiaogang, Wang Guangyi, Fang Lijun, Yang Shaobin at the Museum of Contemporary Art of Marseille (fr).
Yue Minjun’s first museum show in the United States took place at the Queens Museum of Art, Queens, New York. The show, Yue Minjun and the Symbolic Smile, featured bronze and polychrome sculptures, paintings and drawings and ran from October 2007 to January 2008.
Yue Minjun, L'Ombre du fou rire
The first major exhibition in Europe dedicated to the artist from November 14, 2012 to March 17, 2013. The Fondation Cartier pour l'Art Contemporain presented the first major European exhibition dedicated to the Chinese artist Yue Minjun, a unique opportunity to discover the work of an artist who, in spite of his international renown, continues to maintain a relatively low profile.
- "'Execution' artist rejects Tiananmen label - CNN.com". CNN. October 15, 2007.
- "GENG JIANYI (B.1962)" (in (Chinese)). China.shanghartgallery.com. Retrieved 2013-09-20.
- Guy Smiley by Ben Davis, Artnet Magazine, November 11, 2007
- [dead link]
- "What's behind the grin of Yue Minjun?". CNN.
- "Yue Minjun's biography at the Saatchi Gallery". Saatchi Gallery.
- "Yue Minjun". ArtSpeak China.
- Thestaronline.com Thestar October 13, 2007. It is his most fanmous and well-known painting, it is also his most politically sensitive painting as well. It depicts an execution and a long red wall suggesting the Tiananmen's gate outside of the Forbidden City and stretches across the canvas. Chinese painting sets sales record at London auction. Retrieved October 14, 2007.
- ARTINFO (January 28, 2008). Christie's to Hold First Hong Kong Evening Sale. ARTINFO. Retrieved 2008-04-23
- Tan, Kenneth (2007-10-15). "New record sale of a Chinese contemporary painting: US$5.9 million". Shanghaiist. Retrieved 2013-09-20.
- China, the body everywhere ?, curated by Henry Périer, Museum of Contemporary Art, Marseille, France. Editions Indigène, 2004
- Exhibitions and Artists - Yue Minjun[dead link]
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