ZIS-110

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ZIS-110
Museum of Moscow - Proviantskie Sklady - ZIS 110 I.jpg
Overview
Manufacturer
  • ZiS (1946-1956)
  • ZiL (1956-1958)
Also called ZIL-110 (1956-1958)
Production 1946-1958 (possibly 1961)
Body and chassis
Class Full-size luxury car
Body style
  • 4-door sedan (ZIS-110)
  • 4-door convertible (ZIS-110B)
  • 4-door ambulance (ZIS-110S)
Layout FR layout
Powertrain
Engine 6.0L ZIS-110 I8
Transmission 3-speed manual
Dimensions
Wheelbase 3,760 mm (148.0 in)
Length 6,000 mm (236.2 in)
Width 1,960 mm (77.2 in)
Height 1,730 mm (68.1 in)
Curb weight 2,575 kg (5,677 lb)
Chronology
Predecessor ZIS-101
Successor ZIL-111?
ZiS 110B Cabriolet

ZIS-110 was a limousine from ZIL introduced in 1946. The 110 was developed from the reverse engineering of a 1942 Packard Super Eight[1] during 1944. The first 5 prototypes were completed by August 1945. It was powered by a 6-litre, 8-cylinder engine producing 140 hp (104 kW) and giving a top speed of over 140 km/h (87 mph). It was made in both sedan and convertible versions.

The ZIS was rumored to use machinery from the Packard 180 assembly line which was sent to the USSR after American production ended. However, according to The Fall of the Packard Motor Car Company,[2] there is no evidence whatsoever in the Packard archives of such a transfer. Moreover as one of the main results of the collection of information and material of Bert Hein[3] there can be lots of current opinions within the car literature disproved. The database includes in addition to some pictures of commissars with Packards a registry of existing cars and information about all ZIS versions but particularly a point to point comparison between the products of Packard and ZIS. Therefore more likely that the top commissars, including Joseph Stalin, owned several Packards and wanted their first effort at a luxury car to be based on what is arguably one of the top cars of the 1940s. These cars were often given as gifts to foreign communist leaders such as Mao Zedong and Kim Il-sung. After Stalin ZIL 110 c cabriolet was used as a parade car for Nikita Khrushchev, and this model was given as a gift to Enver Hoxha, the lifelong president of Albania.

Production ended in 1958[citation needed], with total of 2038 cars made.[citation needed]

Variants[edit]

  • ZIS-110A: Ambulance version. Produced 1948-1958.
  • ZIS-110b: Phaeton version. Produced 1947-1958.
  • ZIS-110B: Convertible version.
  • ZIS-110I: ZIS-110 with GAZ-13 Chaika powertrain.
  • ZIS-110P: All-wheel-drive version.
  • ZIS-110SH: Prototype all-wheel-drive version. Four built (two based on Dodge WC51 and two based on domestic units). Produced in 1949.
  • ZIS-110SH: Staff car version.
  • ZIS-115: Armored version. Also known as ZIS-110C.

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.autogallery.org.ru/zis110.htm Autogallery.ru - ZIS-110
  2. ^ Ward, James A. The Fall of the Packard Motor Car Company, 1995, Page 46
  3. ^ Ward, James A. The Fall of the Packard Motor Car Company, 1995, Page 46

External links[edit]