Zemax is a commonly used optical design program for Microsoft Windows sold by American company Radiant Zemax. It is used for the design and analysis of both imaging and illumination systems.
Zemax was originally written by Ken Moore, and was the first optical design program specifically written for Windows. It became commercially available in 1990. The first version was called Max, named after the programmer's dog. The name was later changed to Zemax due to a trademark conflict.
Features and applications
Zemax is an optical design program that is used to design and analyze imaging systems such as camera lenses, as well as illumination systems. It works by ray tracing—modelling the propagation of rays through an optical system. It can model the effect of optical elements such as simple lenses, aspheric lenses, gradient index lenses, mirrors, and diffractive optical elements, and can produce standard analysis diagrams such as spot diagrams and ray-fan plots. Zemax can also model the effect of optical coatings on the surfaces of components. It includes a library of stock commercial lenses. Zemax can perform standard sequential ray tracing through optical elements, non-sequential ray tracing for analysis of stray light, and physical optics beam propagation. It also has tolerancing capability, to allow analysis of the effect of manufacturing defects and assembly errors.
The physical optics propagation feature can be used for problems where diffraction is important, including the propagation of laser beams and the coupling of light into single-mode optical fibers. Zemax's optimization tools can be used to improve an initial lens design by automatically adjusting parameters to maximize performance and reduce aberrations.
As of 2003[update], Zemax was one of the three most common optical design programs, and was the newest. An optical engineer from the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory asked for input by Opto & Laser Europe described it as "an entry-level package suited to less experienced designers".
- Fischer, Robert E.; Tadic-Galeb, Biljana; Yoder, Paul R. (2008). Optical System Design (2nd ed.). New York: McGraw-Hill. p. 603. ISBN 0-07-147248-7. "...the Zemax software package, one of the industry's standards."
- Smith, Warren J. (2007). Modern Optical Engineering (4th ed.). McGraw-Hill. p. 436. ISBN 0-07-147687-3.
- "Radiant, Zemax merge with backing from Evergreen Pacific". Bizjournal. Retrieved 21 July 2013.
- Geary, Joseph M. (2002). Introduction to Lens Design: With Practical Zemax Examples. Willmann-Bell. ISBN 0-943396-75-1.
- Moore, Ken (21 April 2006). "Why is it called ZEMAX?". ZEMAX Users' Knowledge Base. Archived from the original on 12 May 2008. Retrieved 30 May 2008.
- McLean, Ian S. (2008). Electronic imaging in astronomy : detectors and instrumentation (2nd ed. ed.). Berlin: Springer. p. 203. ISBN 3540765824.
- "Design software: which package do you need?". Opto & Laser Europe. July–August 2003. Retrieved 21 July 2013.
- Tesar, John (March 1997). "Latest Zemax creates and evaluates designs". Laser Focus World 33 (3). Retrieved 2008-05-30.
- Laikin, Milton (2006). Lens Design (4th ed.). CRC. ISBN 0-8493-8278-5.
- Fischer (2008), p. 590.
- "Tolerancing". Radiant Zemax website. Retrieved 22 July 2013.
- "Exploring Physical Optics Propagation in Zemax". Radiant Zemax website. Retrieved 22 July 2013.
- "Optical Optimization". Radiant Zemax website. Retrieved 22 July 2013.