Zheng Lücheng

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Zheng Lücheng (Chinese 郑律成, Korean 정률성, Kwangju, 13 August 1918-7 December 1976) was a Korea-born Chinese composer. He is most notable for having composed the music to the Military Anthem of the People's Liberation Army, to words by Gong Mu (公木, real name Zhang Yongnian 张永年).[1][2] His wife was China's first woman ambassador Ding Xuesong.[3]

He was born Cheong Buk'un (郑富恩) in the South Jeolla Province of what is now South Korea in either 1914 or 1918. In 1933 at the age of 15 (or possibly 19) he moved to Nanjing in China, where he became associated with the Chinese Korean anti-Japanese movement, and then with the communists. In 1937, in Yan'an, he composed the song which was to become the military anthem. Official records show his year of birth at 1918, but it is believed he may have concealed his age to maintain cover as an agent in Nanjing.[4] In 1945 he returned to Korea, but to North Korea where he worked as chief of the North Korean army's band and taught music at Pyongyang University. He wrote the anthem of the North Korean Army, Tumen River, East Sea Fisherman and other songs. In 1950 when the Korean War broke out Zhou Enlai - having been petitioned by Zheng's Chinese wife Ding Xuesong - personally wrote to Kim Il Sung requesting that Zheng return to work in China. Kim agreed and in 1950 Zheng took Chinese nationality.[5]

Works[edit]

He composed many works including a Chinese-language western-style opera, Cloud Gazing based on a story of the Bai people.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Le pouvoir en chantant: L'art de fabriquer une musique chinoise - Volume 1 Sabine Trébinjac - 2000 "Zheng Lücheng' (1918-1976), reconnu comme compositeur, était également pianiste, violoniste et chanteur. Il arriva à Yan'an en octobre 1957 où il commença par enseigner l'art de la musique vocale. Il est l'auteur de «Louange de Yan'an», ..."
  2. ^ Biographical Dictionary of Chinese Women - Volume 2 - Page 145 Lily Xiao Hong Lee, A. D. Stefanowska, Sue Wiles - 2003 "... situation of their conflicting nationalities by returning to China, where Zheng Lücheng took out Chinese citizenship. ... PRC, Zheng Lücheng was active in his work as a composer; he wrote the music for the Western-style opera Cloud Gazing."
  3. ^ la première ambassadrice de la Chine nouvelle 31 Jul 2009 " Ding Xuesong, née en 1918 à Chongqing, a adhéré au Parti communiste chinois à l'âge de 19 ans. En janvier 1938, elle se rendit à Yan'an"
  4. ^ http://www.globaltimes.cn/opinion/commentary/2010-10/579645.html
  5. ^ Zheng Lücheng: Thoroughly into Factories and the Countryside 28 Sep 2012 "Ding Xuesong, with help by a letter written by the ambassador to Chief State Councillor Zhou Enlai, asked for both her and Zheng's return to China, plus requesting a renewal "