Étoile de Dakar

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Étoile de Dakar
OriginDakar, Senegal
GenresAfro-Cuban, Mbalax
Years active1978–1981
Past membersYoussou N'Dour, El Hadji Faye, Eric M'Backe N'Doye, Mar Seck, Alla Seck, Badou N'Diaye, Jimi Mbaye, Alpha Seyni Kante, Kabou Gueye, Rane Diallo, Diogomaye, Mark Sambou, Matar Gueye, Abdou Fall, Assane Thiam

Étoile de Dakar (“Star of Dakar”) were a leading music group of Senegal in the late 1970s and early 1980s. Youssou N'Dour was one of the singers in the band and the band was a major part of N'Dour's rise to stardom in Senegal.

The group was formed in 1978 by Badou Ndiaye and several other members of the Star Band after a dispute with Ibra Kasse, the band leader of the Star Band and the owner of the Miami nightclub in Dakar where the Star Band performed. The Star Band was one of Dakar's best known nightclub house bands of the 1960s and 1970s.[1] After Kasse fired one of the members of the Star Band, several other members quit in support of the musician, joining forces to create Étoile de Dakar.[2] Singer El Hadji Faye who previously sang for the Star Band but left because he did not get along with Ibra Kasse, was recruited at the outset.[3] Later singer Mar Seck, from No. 1 de Dakar, was brought into the band.[4]

Étoile de Dakar played an important part in the evolution of Senegalese music, helping incorporate elements of traditional Senegalese music into the popular Latin-influence dance styles that dominated, helping to create a style that became known as Mbalax.[5] They quickly became one of the city's most popular bands[6] benefiting from the introduction of cassettes in Senegal. Previous bands had released their work on LPs which made their music less accessible to the general population of Senegal than cassette tapes.[7] Their song "Jalo" was included on the Island Records compilation Sound d’Afrique, which was important in bringing African music to western ears in 1981.[8]

Despite their success, the group was short-lived due to internal problems. In 1981, Étoile de Dakar split into two groups, Étoile 2000 and Super Étoile de Dakar. Étoile 2000 featured singers El Hadji Faye and Eric M'Backe and other members of Étoile de Dakar. Étoile 2000 debuted with a hit song, "Boubacar N'gary", that was reportedly played all day long by one Senegalese radio station. After three similar sounding cassette albums, the band called it quits. Youssou N'Dour and other members formed Super Étoile de Dakar which produced four albums on cassette in just a few months and eventually evolved into N'Dour's backing band.[9] Mar Seck returned to No. 1 de Dakar.

Band members[edit]

  • Youssou N'Dour – lead vocals
  • El Hadji Faye – lead vocals
  • Eric M'Backe N'Doye – lead vocals
  • Mar Seck – lead vocals
  • Alla Seck – vocals, maracas
  • Badou N'Diaye – lead guitar
  • Jimi Mbaye – lead guitar (replaced Badou N'Diaye circa 1980)
  • Alpha Seyni Kante – rhythm guitar
  • Kabou Gueye – bass
  • Rane Diallo – alto sax
  • Diogomaye – sax
  • Mark Sambou – trumpet
  • Matar Gueye – congas
  • Abdou Fall – timbales
  • Assane Thiam – tama

Discography[edit]

Senegalese Albums[edit]

  • Xalis (1978)
  • Absa Gueye (1980)
  • Tolou Badou N`Diaye (1980)
  • Mbalakh Vol.1
  • Thiapathoily
  • Maleo Vol.5
  • Bou Bess Bi - Thiapathioly

European Compilations[edit]

  • Étoile De Dakar - Xalis, Popular African Music, pam adc 303, 1994
  • Étoile De Dakar Featuring Youssou N'Dour - Volume 1: Absa Gueye, Stern's Africa, STCD 3004, 1993
  • Étoile De Dakar Featuring Youssou N'Dour & El Hadji Faye - Volume 2: Thiapathioly, Stern's Africa, 1994
  • Étoile De Dakar Featuring Youssou N'Dour & El Hadj Faye - Volume 3: Lay Suma Lay, Stern's Africa, STCD 3012, 1996
  • Étoile De Dakar Featuring Youssou N'Dour, Mar Seck & El Hadji Faye - Volume 4: Khaley Étoile, Stern's Africa, STCD 3014, 1998
  • Youssou N'Dour & Étoile De Dakar - The Rough Guide To Youssou N'Dour & Étoile De Dakar, World Music Network, RGNET 1109, 2002 (includes two songs from Super Étoile de Dakar's first album)
  • Étoile De Dakar - Once Upon A Time In Senegal - The Birth Of Mbalax 1979-1981, Stern's Music, STCD3054-55, 2010

References[edit]

  1. ^ Jackson, Leon. "Star Band de Dakar". AMG. Macrovision Corporation. Retrieved 2008-04-20.
  2. ^ Hudson, Mark, essay in liner notes of "Once Upon a Time in Senegal", Etoile de Dakar, Sterns Music 2010, p. 11
  3. ^ Hudson, Mark, essay in liner notes of "Once Upon a Time in Senegal", Etoile de Dakar, Sterns Music 2010, p. 3
  4. ^ Seck, Mar, interview in liner notes of Vagabonde, Mar Seck, Teranga Beat TBCD 018, 2013, p. 15
  5. ^ Hudson, Mark, essay in liner notes of "Once Upon a Time in Senegal", Étoile de Dakar, Sterns Music 2010, p. 13
  6. ^ Denselow, Robin (2010-05-06). "Etoile de Dakar featuring Youssou N'Dour: Once Upon a Time in Senegal". The Guardian. London.
  7. ^ Hudson, Mark, essay in liner notes of "Once Upon a Time in Senegal", Etoile de Dakar, Sterns Music 2010, p. 13
  8. ^ Hudson, Mark (2010-05-10). "Etoile de Dakar's Jalo: the song that transformed our tastes for ever". The Daily Telegraph. London.
  9. ^ Hudson, Mark, essay in liner notes of "Once Upon a Time in Senegal", Etoile de Dakar, Sterns Music 2010, p. 14