In 1969 a new panel housing estate was founded on the northeastern border of Budapest, in a wheat field and a former cemetery, near the Szilas-patak (Szilas Brook), commemorating the 50th anniversary of the Hungarian Soviet Republic (1919). It was named Újpalota (literally means "Newcastle") after the adjacent village of Palota (means "Castle"), which initially became a suburb of the Hungarian capital, later part of Greater Budapest.
104 panel buildings (5, 7, 11, 13 and 15-storey blocks) were planned to the area, including 14,105 flats with an average floor space of 52.6 m² (including one, two, three and four-bedroom apartements). According to Tibor Tenke, the architect of the housing estate, the original plan was modified, increasing the number of flats to 15,560. The buildings were built by the BHK III. (3rd Housing Factory of Budapest, used Soviet-Hungarian technology), that finished the construction in 1978.
In the late-1970s Újpalota had 60,000 inhabitants from all over the country, but mostly from the poor neighbourhoods of Budapest (Józsefváros, Kőbánya, Újpest, Kispest, Angyalföld), where their run-down houses were demolished. Újpalota provided these poor families with a real improvement in living conditions, including district heating, piped hot water and flush toilets. According to a 1975 survey, 70% of the householders were considered to be "worker", and only 12% passed the maturity exam (érettségi vizsga in Hungarian, a complex exam at the end of high school in Hungary). 21% of the pairs raised 1 child, 46% two children and 19% three children.
According to the 2011 census, Újpalota had only 33,557 inhabitants, a significant decrease since the late-1970s.
- Tamás Lipp: Honfoglalás Újpalotán, Kossuth Könyvkiadó, Budapest, 1978, p. 142, pp. 5-14, ISBN 963-09-1131-0
- Budapest XV. kerület Újpalota építési, kapcsolódó és járulékos munkáinak módosított beruházási programja, Típustervező Intézet, Budapest, 1968, p. 225, pp. 200
- Dr. Jenő Gilyén: Panelos épületek szerkezetei, Tervezés méretezés, Műszaki Könyvkiadó. Budapest, 1982, pp. 21-25, 158-170, ISBN 963-10-4235-9
- Gazetteer of Hungary / Budapest