Ōzutsu Man'emon

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Ōzutsu Man'emon
大砲 万右衛門
The 18th Yokozuna Ōzutsu Man'emon 005.jpg
Personal information
Born Manji Kakubari
(1869-12-30)December 30, 1869
Miyagi, Japan
Died May 27, 1918(1918-05-27) (aged 48)
Height 1.97 m (6 ft 5 12 in)
Weight 131 kg (289 lb)
Career
Stable Oguruma
Record 98-29-138-51draws-4holds
(Makuuchi)
Debut January, 1885
Highest rank Yokozuna (April, 1901)
Retired January, 1908
Championships 2 (Makuuchi, unofficial)
* Up to date as of October 2007.

Ōzutsu Man'emon (大砲 万右衛門, December 30, 1869 – May 27, 1918) was a sumo wrestler from Shiroishi, Miyagi Prefecture, Japan. He was the sport's 18th yokozuna.

Career[edit]

Ōzutsu was a taller sumo wrestler compared with other wrestlers at that time. Although he was not very strong at first, he was rapidly promoted and reached sekiwake only three tournament after entering the top makuuchi division. He strength increased and he was promoted to ōzeki in May 1899.

He had never lost any bouts as ōzeki and was awarded a yokozuna licence by the house of Yoshida Tsukasa in April 1901. In May 1902, he won the tournament with no defeats. However, his strength rapidly declined after taking part in the Russo-Japanese War. He was absent for three tournaments due to the war. However, former yokozuna Umegatani Tōtarō I had taught him that yokozuna must not be defeated, so he recorded many draws late in his career. In the May 1907 tournament, he drew in all of his nine bouts.[1] He retired in the next tournament. In the top makuuchi division, he won 98 bouts and lost 29 bouts, recording a winning percentage of 77.2. He also recorded 51 draws.

Ōzutsu (大砲) means "cannon" in Japanese but its reading is usually Taihō, and the name of yokozuna Taihō (大鵬) means "big phoenix".

Top division record[edit]

Ozutsu[2]
- Spring Summer
1892 x West Maegashira #6
3–6–1
 
1893 Sat out West Maegashira #2
5–4–1
 
1894 West Sekiwake
2–2–6
 
West Maegashira #1
4–2–2
2d

 
1895 West Komusubi
2–1–7
 
West Komusubi
7–0–2
1d
Unofficial

 
1896 West Sekiwake
3–1–5
1d

 
Sat out
1897 West Maegashira #1
6–2–1
1d

 
West Komusubi
4–3–1
2d

 
1898 West Komusubi
4–0–2
4d

 
West Sekiwake
6–0–2
2d

 
1899 West Sekiwake
4–1–1
4d

 
West Ōzeki
1–0–6
2d 1h

 
1900
Sat out due to injury
0–0–15
West Ōzeki
6–0–1
2d 1h

 
1901 West Ōzeki
7–0–2
1d

 
East Yokozuna
6–1–1
1draw 1h

 
1902 East Yokozuna
6–2–1
1d

 
East Yokozuna
8–0–1
1d
Unofficial

 
1903 East Yokozuna
7–1–1
1d

 
Sat out for military service
1904 Sat out for military service Sat out for military service
1905 East Yokozuna
3–1–5
1h

 
East Yokozuna
2–1–1
6d

 
1906 East Yokozuna
1–0–1
8d

 
Sat out
1907 East Yokozuna
1–1–6
2d

 
East Yokozuna
0–0–1
9d

 
1908 East Yokozuna
Retired
0–0
Record given as win-loss-absent    Top Division Champion Retired Lower Divisions

Key:d=Draw(s) (引分);   h=Hold(s) (預り)
Divisions: MakuuchiJūryōMakushitaSandanmeJonidanJonokuchi

Makuuchi ranks: YokozunaŌzekiSekiwakeKomusubiMaegashira

*Championships for the best record in a tournament were not recognized or awarded before the 1909 summer tournament and the above unofficial championships are historically conferred. For more information see yūshō.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 「横綱は決して負けてはいけないと聞かされていたもので…」(第18代横綱・大砲) (in Japanese). Japan Sumo Association. Retrieved 2008-06-22. 
  2. ^ "Ozutsu Manemon Rikishi Information". Sumo Reference. Retrieved 2007-10-03. 
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Konishiki Yasokichi I
18th Yokozuna
1901 - 1908
Next:
Hitachiyama Taniemon
Yokozuna is not a successive rank, and more than one wrestler can share the title