Shiroishi Castle

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Shiroishi Castle
白石城
Shiroishi, Miyagi, Japan
Shiroishi Castle.JPG
Shiroishi Castle's tower
Shiroishi Castle白石城 is located in Miyagi Prefecture
Shiroishi Castle白石城
Shiroishi Castle
白石城
Shiroishi Castle白石城 is located in Japan
Shiroishi Castle白石城
Shiroishi Castle
白石城
Coordinates 38°00′09″N 140°37′02″E / 38.002589°N 140.617128°E / 38.002589; 140.617128Coordinates: 38°00′09″N 140°37′02″E / 38.002589°N 140.617128°E / 38.002589; 140.617128
Type flatland-style Japanese castle
Site information
Owner City of Shiroishi
Controlled by Shiroishi clan, Gamō clan, Uesugi clan, Katakura clan (17th century – 1871)
Site history
Built Kamakura period, rebuilt 1591
Built by Shiroishi clan
In use Kamakura period through 1871
Materials wood, stone
Demolished 1875, rebuilt 1995
Events Boshin War
Backside/Wall

Shiroishi Castle (白石城, Shiroishi-jō) is a flatland-style Japanese castle in what is now the city of Shiroishi, Miyagi.[1] During the Edo period, it was the castle of the Katakura clan, who were hereditary retainers of the Date clan of Sendai Domain. During the Boshin War, it was also temporarily the headquarters of the Ōuetsu Reppan Dōmei.[2] The castle was also known by the name of Masuda Castle (益岡城, Masuda-jō)

Early history[edit]

Shiroishi Castle was founded in the Kamakura period, by the Karita clan.[3]

Sengoku Era[edit]

In 1591, during the late Azuchi–Momoyama period, the castle was completely rebuilt by the Gamō clan with stone walls and a donjon, and ruled by the senior retainer Gamō Satonari.[4]

Edo Era[edit]

Beginning in 1600,[5] the castle and its environs were recovered by the Date clan as part of Sendai Domain under the Tokugawa shogunate. From 1600 onward, Shiroishi Castle was ruled by the Katakura clan, who were retainers of the Date.[6] It was also one of the few exceptions to the Tokugawa shogunate's rule of one castle per domain. The castle burned down in 1819, but was rebuilt four years later by Katakura Munekage.

Boshin War[edit]

The castle was the meeting place for the delegates of the northern domains in early 1868, during the Boshin War.[7] It then became the headquarters of the Ōuetsu Reppan Dōmei. Following the Meiji Restoration, it was briefly placed in the care of the Nanbu clan formerly of Morioka Domain, who were dispossessed of their original holdings by the new Meiji government and assigned a new domain carved out of the southern portion of Sendai Domain. The Katakura clan and its retainers were resettled in Hokkaidō. The castle was demolished in 1875.

Reconstruction[edit]

The castle was restored in 1995 using traditional materials and building techniques, and is open to the public. Adjacent to Shiroishi Castle is the Shiroishi Castle History Exploration Museum (白石城歴史探訪ミュージアム). The castle has also become a "contents tourism" spot for fans of the video game Sengoku BASARA2, which features Katakura Kojūrō as a main character.[8]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Papinot, Jacques Edmond Joseph. (1976). Historical and geographical dictionary of Japan, Vol. 1, p. 581.
  2. ^ Onodera, p. 10.
  3. ^ (in Japanese) "Shiroishi-shi" on Harimaya.com (28 March 2008). The Karita clan later became the Shiroishi clan, which served the Date clan.
  4. ^ "Shiroishi Castle" at JCastle.info; retrieved 2013-5-30.
  5. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2008-01-03. Retrieved 2008-03-28. 
  6. ^ (in Japanese) "Katakura-shi" on Harimaya.com (28 March 2008).
  7. ^ Sasaki, p. 98.
  8. ^ Yamamura, Takayoshi (2018). "Pop culture contents and historical heritage: case of heritage revitalization through 'contents tourism' in Shiroishi city". Contemporary Japan. 30 (2). doi:10.1080/18692729.2018.1460049. 

Further reading[edit]

  • Onodera, Eikō (2005). Boshin Nanboku sensō to Tōhoku seiken. Sendai: Kita no sha.
  • Sasaki, Suguru (2001). Boshin sensō: haisha no Meiji ishin. Tokyo: Chūōkōron-shinsha.
  • Schmorleitz, Morton S. (1974). Castles in Japan. Tokyo: Charles E. Tuttle Co. pp. 144–145. ISBN 0-8048-1102-4. 
  • Motoo, Hinago (1986). Japanese Castles. Tokyo: Kodansha. p. 200 pages. ISBN 0-87011-766-1. 
  • Mitchelhill, Jennifer (2004). Castles of the Samurai: Power and Beauty. Tokyo: Kodansha. p. 112 pages. ISBN 4-7700-2954-3. 
  • Turnbull, Stephen (2003). Japanese Castles 1540–1640. Osprey Publishing. p. 64 pages. ISBN 1-84176-429-9. 

External links[edit]