Święta Lipka basilica
Święta Lipka [ˈɕfjɛnta ˈlipka] (German: Heiligelinde) is a village in the administrative district of Gmina Reszel, within Kętrzyn County, Warmian-Masurian Voivodeship, in northern Poland. It lies approximately 6 kilometres (4 mi) south-east of Reszel, 13 km (8 mi) south-west of Kętrzyn, and 55 km (34 mi) north-east of the regional capital Olsztyn. The village has a population of about 200.
Until 1945 the area was part of East Prussia.
Sanctuary of St. Mary
According to legend, the name Heiligelinde (Holy Linden tree) Święta Lipka - Holy Tilia (lime tree) - referred to a tree with a wooden statue of Mary under which miracles took place, though it may stem from a sacred grove of the Old Prussians.
A chapel at the site was first mentioned in a 1491 deed issued by Johann von Tiefen, then grand master of the Teutonic Knights. At this time Święta Lipka was already a pilgrimage site, with an inn. It was destroyed about 1525 during the Protestant Reformation, in which the region became Lutheran.
Although the village lay in the protestant region of Masuria, the Catholic faith was again approved in the Duchy of Prussia in 1605. The chapel was rebuilt by the Jesuits and consecrated in 1619 by the Warmian prince-bishop Szymon Rudnicki and became a popular pilgrimage site among the Catholic populace of the nearby Warmia as well as the Lutheran Masurians. The nave of the present church was finished in 1693, the facade and the adjacent cloister added by 1730.
- "Central Statistical Office (GUS) - TERYT (National Register of Territorial Land Apportionment Journal)" (in Polish). 2008-06-01.
- Ossowski, Miroslaw (2007). Ostpreussen - Westpreussen - Danzig: eine historische Literaturlandschaft (in German). Jens Stüben. p. 384. ISBN 978-3-486-58185-0. Retrieved 2009-10-28.
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