1649 in literature

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List of years in literature (table)

This article presents lists of the literary events and publications in 1649.

Events[edit]

  • January 1 – Local authorities raid the four remaining London theatres (the Salisbury Court, Red Bull, Cockpit, and Fortune) to suppress clandestine play-acting. The actors found are arrested – except for the Red Bull company, who manage to escape.
  • February 9Eikon Basilike: the Pourtrature of His Sacred Majestie in His Solitudes and Sufferings, purporting to be the spiritual autobiography of King Charles I of England, is published ten days after his execution, and becomes an enormous popular success. John Gauden later claims to have written it.
  • March 24 (Saturday) – The authorities damage the Cockpit Theatre to inhibit continued attempts to use it for plays. (The building is not destroyed, however, and in 1660, when drama resumes in England with the Restoration, the theatre is fixed and used again.)
  • April 23William Everard a Digger issues "The Declaration and Standard of the Levellers of England."
  • October – John Milton's Eikonoklastes: in Answer to a Book Intitl'd Eikon Basilike, a defence of the execution of Charles I, is published.
  • With the London theatres remaining closed since 1642, the trend toward closet drama (often highly politicized) continues – and is accentuated by the January 30 execution of Charles I. In the play Newmarket Fair, Oliver Cromwell and other Parliamentary leaders commit suicide when they learn of the accession of Charles II (an event that, in actuality, still lies eleven years in the future).
  • Antoine Girard's poem Rome Ridicule starts a fashion for burlesque poetry.
  • Sir William Davenant is appointed treasurer of the colony of Virginia.

New books[edit]

Prose[edit]

Drama[edit]

  • Anonymous
    • A Bartholomew Fairing
    • The Disease of the House, or the State Mountebank Administering Physic to a Sick Parliament
    • The Famous Tragedy of Charles II, Basely Butchered
    • Newmarket Fair, or A Parliament Outcry
  • Anonymous ("T. B.") – The Rebellion of Naples, or the Tragedy of Massenello
  • William Cavendish, Duke of Newcastle
  • Sir William DavenantLove and Honour
  • Francis QuarlesThe Virgin Widow
  • William Peaps – Love in Its Ecstasy, or the Large Prerogative
  • Christopher WaseThe Electra of Sophocles

Poetry[edit]

Births[edit]

Deaths[edit]