1852 in Wales
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- 24 February — The Times reports that Robert Stephenson has approved Isambard Kingdom Brunel's design for a railway bridge at Chepstow.
- 10 May — 27 men are killed by quicksand at Gwendraeth Colliery, Pontyberem.
- August — Halkyn-born Mormon missionary Dan Jones begins his second (4-year) mission for The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints in Wales. He also oversees translation of the Book of Mormon into the Welsh language.
- 14 September — Three-decker sailing first-rate ship of the line HMS Duke of Wellington, converted on the stocks to screw propulsion, is launched at Pembroke Dock.
- 4 November — In the United Kingdom general election:
- December — In the by-election caused by the death of John Josiah Guest, Henry Austin Bruce is elected MP for Merthyr Tydfil.
- St David's College, Lampeter, becomes the first institution in Wales to award degrees.
- Construction of the first Merthyr Synagogue begins.
Arts and literature
- Aneurin Jones — Tafol y Beirdd
- William Rees (Gwilym Hiraethog) — Aelwyd F'Ewythr Robert
- John Williams (Glanmor) — Awstralia a'r Cloddfeydd Aur
- Robert Williams — Enwogion Cymru: A Biographical Dictionary of Eminent Welshmen, from the Earliest Times
- J. Ambrose Lloyd — Teyrnasoedd y Ddaear
- Edward Stephen (Tanymarian) — Ystorm Tiberias (oratorio)
- Thomas Williams (Hafrenydd) — Ceinion Cerddoriaeth
- 20 March — John Gwenogvryn Evans, palaeographer (died 1930)
- 26 April — William Eilir Evans, journalist (died 1910)
- 28 April — Sir Francis Edwards, 1st Baronet, Liberal politician (died 1927)
- 11 May — Sir David Saunders Davies, MP (died 1934)
- 25 November — Sir Evan Vincent Evans, Eisteddfod supporter (died 1934)
- December — Alice Gray Jones (Ceridwen Peris), writer (died 1943)
- 23 February — Evan Jones (Ieuan Gwynedd), minister and journalist, 31
- 2 May — John Jones (Ioan Tegid), poet, 60
- 20 May — Robert Williamson, poet, 45?
- 26 November — John Josiah Guest, engineer, entrepreneur and politician, 77