1867 San Narciso hurricane

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San Narciso Hurricane
Category 3 major hurricane (SSHWS/NWS)
1867 Atlantic hurricane 9 track.png
Formed October 27, 1867 (1867-10-27)
Dissipated October 31, 1867 (1867-11-01)
Highest winds 1-minute sustained: 125 mph (205 km/h)
Lowest pressure 952 mbar (hPa); 28.11 inHg
Fatalities 811+
Damage $1 million (1867 USD)
Areas affected Virgin Islands, Puerto Rico, Hispaniola
Part of the 1867 Atlantic hurricane season

The San Narciso Hurricane was the ninth and last known hurricane of the 1867 Atlantic hurricane season. Forming late in the month of October, the hurricane, the costliest and deadliest storm of the 1867 Atlantic hurricane season, caused at least 811 deaths in Sankt Thomas (Danish West Indies) and Captaincy General of Puerto Rico and at least $1 million (1867 USD) in damage.

Meteorological history[edit]

On or before 27 October 1867, a tropical storm developed east of the northern Lesser Antilles, and the mail steamer Principe Alfonso skillfully avoided the storm on that day. This tropical storm moved westward or west-southwestward, intensifying into a hurricane on or before 28 October 1867. Intensifying into a major hurricane on 29 October, this tempest hit Sombrero, Anguilla. The northeasterly or northerly wind intensified from 1 am through 6 am; after 8 am, a barometric pressure of 28.65 inches of mercury (97.0 kPa) accompanied a half-hour of relative calm. The wind then shifted to a violent easterly until 11 am and then diminished through 1 pm. The hurricane reached its peak intensity of 110 kilotonnes (110,000 long tons; 120,000 short tons) at 1200 UTC near the island.

From 1:30 pm to 2:00 pm, its eye passed over Sankt Thomas, Danish West Indies.[1]

The hurricane weakened slightly before reaching Captaincy General of Puerto Rico later on 29 October, the memorial of Saint Narcissus of Jerusalem; following the Puerto Rican convention of naming hurricanes after the saint of the day on which a hurricane strikes the island, the storm acquired the name San Narciso. The hurricane made landfall in Puerto Rico, and its winds decreased further over the island. Despite its small size, it ranks among the most intense hurricanes recorded on the island. It passed near the city of Fajardo, Puerto Rico, between 5 pm and 6 pm and later passed near Caguas, Puerto Rico. People sensed tremors in the towns of Humacao, Luquillo, and Peñuelas. The storm affected all of the towns in the island of Puerto Rico.[1] San Narciso hit the island of Hispaniola on 30 October 1867. The storm probably dissipated that day over the high mountains of the island.

Impact[edit]

The hurricane caused at least 811 deaths in total: 600 in Sankt Thomas (Danish Virgin Islands) and 211 on Puerto Rico.

On Tortola (British Virgin Islands), the storm reached its peak fury from noon to 2 pm and blew down one-third of the "miserable tenements." Deaths numbered 22 at Road Town, 2 on Peter Island, and 2 on Westland.

On Sankt Thomas, the hurricane drove ashore or otherwise wrecked eighty ships (from Sinking of the Titanic), including the RMS Rhone. In Sankt Thomas, the barometric pressure reached 28.50 inches of mercury (96.5 kPa) with winds of 74 miles per hour (119 km/h); about 600 people drowned to death.[1]

It caused 211 deaths in Puerto Rico, and the damages were calculated at 13 million Spanish escudos.[1] The hurricane ruined agriculture of the island of Puerto Rico, causing a great economic crisis.[2] The hurricane and various other factors contributed to the discontent on the island that erupted into the Grito de Lares of 1868.[2]

It almost destroyed the city of Santo Domingo de Guzmán, Dominican Republic, where 200 persons died on that day.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Mújica-Baker, Frank. Huracanes y Tormentas que han afectado a Puerto Rico (PDF). Estado Libre Asociado de Puerto Rico, Agencia Estatal para el manejo de Emergencias y Administracion de Desastres. pp. 9–10. Archived from the original (PDF) on October 1, 2015. Retrieved August 31, 2010. 
  2. ^ a b "Tierra huracanada". July 4, 2007. Archived from the original on July 23, 2011. Retrieved August 31, 2010.