1st Submarine Flotilla (Sweden)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
1st Submarine Flotilla
Första ubåtsflottiljen (1. ubflj)
Första ubåtsflottiljen.png
Coat of arms of the 1st Submarine Flotilla
Active 1904–present
Country Sweden
Allegiance Swedish Armed Forces
Branch Swedish Navy
Type Submarine
Size Flotilla
Part of Coastal Fleet (1904–1997)
Milo M (1998–2000)
Naval Tactical Staff (2000–)
March "Fladdrande Fanor" (V. Widqvist)[1]
Website www.forsvarsmakten.se/1ubflj
Commanders
Current
commander
Captain Mats Agnéus
Insignia
Shoulder sleeve insignia MM.25297.jpg

The 1st Submarine Flotilla (Swedish: Första ubåtsflottiljen or 1. ubflj) is a unit of the Swedish Navy which has operated in various forms since 1904. Its unit staff is located at Karlskrona naval base, Blekinge in Karlskrona Garrison.[2][3]

History[edit]

The embryo of the 1st Submarine Flotilla was formed in 1904, when the Swedish Navy was supplied with its first submarine, Hajen, and the submarine force was formed.[4] In 1918 the submarine force was included as the 1st Submarine Division (1. undervattensbåtsdivisionen) in the Coastal Fleet (Kustflottan). In 1934, the submarine force had been organized as the Submarine Department (Ubåtsavdelningen) with three included divisions. In 1951, the unit was assigned its current name, and was part of the Coastal Fleet as the 1st Submarine Flotilla. During the 1970s, the Navy Diving School (Flottans dykarskola) was added to the flotilla, which later formed the Diving Division (Dykdivisionen), which included submarine rescue ships.

On 1 July 1994, the flotilla was organized as the First Submarine Department (Första ubåtsavdelningen, 1. UbA). This because all units within the Swedish Armed Forces were cadre organized, and got a permanent organisation. On 1 January 1998, the flotilla received its current name 1st Submarine Flotilla (Första ubåtsflottiljen, 1. ubflj), and by the 2004 Defense Bill it was decided that the flotilla with its staff would be relocated from Hårsfjärden to Karlskrona. From 1 January 2005, the flotilla came to serve from Karlskrona naval base.

Organisation[edit]

Between the years 1904-1998, the submarine force was included in the Coastal Fleet (Kustflottan). See below the composite of the submarine force at different time points. During the 1930s, the submarine force was included in the Winter Squadron (Vintereskadern), which was the equipped part of the Swedish Navy during winter time. Parts of the submarine force were included in the Gothenburg Squadron and the Karlskrona Department (Karlskronaavdelningen) during World War II.[5]

Year Name Division Ships
1918 1. undervattensbåtsdivisionen Delfinen, Skäggald, Svärdfisken, Tumlaren
1934 Ubåtsavdelningen Depådivision Svea
1934 Ubåtsavdelningen 1. ubåtsdivisionen Draken, 'Gripen, Ulven
1934 Ubåtsavdelningen 2. ubåtsdivisionen Bävern, Illern, Uttern
1934 Ubåtsavdelningen 3. ubåtsdivisionen Hajen, Sälen
1940 Ubåtsavdelningen Depådivision Svea
1940 Ubåtsavdelningen 1. ubåtsdivisionen Draken, Gripen, Ulven
1940 Ubåtsavdelningen 2. ubåtsdivisionen Sjöbjörnen, Sjöhunden, Sjölejonet
1940 Ubåtsavdelningen 3. ubåtsdivisionen Delfinen, Najad, Springaren
1945 Ubåtsavdelningen SS Patricia, Belos
1945 Ubåtsavdelningen 1. ubåtsdivisionen Sjöborren, Sjöhästen, Sjöormen
1945 Ubåtsavdelningen 7. ubåtsdivisionen Najad, Neptun, Näcken
1945 Ubåtsavdelningen 12. ubåtsdivisionen U4, U5, U6
1951 1. ubåtsflottiljen SS Patricia, Belos
1951 1. ubåtsflottiljen 1. ubåtsdivisionen Neptun, Sjöborren, Sjöhunden
1951 1. ubåtsflottiljen 2. ubåtsdivisionen Dykaren, Nordkaparen, Näcken, Sjöormen, Tumlaren
1975 1. ubåtsflottiljen Belos, Älvsborg
1975 1. ubåtsflottiljen 1. ubåtsdivisionen Sjöhästen, Vargen
1975 1. ubåtsflottiljen 3. ubåtsdivisionen Delfinen, Draken, Gripen, Hajen, Sjöormen
1989 1. ubåtsflottiljen 1. ubåtsdivisionen Sjöbjörnen, Sjöhästen, Sjölejonet, Sjöormen, Hälsingland, Södermanland, Västergötland, Östergötland
1989 1. ubåtsflottiljen 2. ubåtsdivisionen Najad, Neptun, Näcken, Sjöhunden
1989 1. ubåtsflottiljen Dykdivisionen Belos
1998 1. ubåtsflottiljen 1. ubåtsdivisionen Gotland, Halland, Uppland, Södermanland, Östergötland, Hälsingland, Västergötland
1998 1. ubåtsflottiljen 2. ubåtsdivisionen Najad, Näcken
1998 1. ubåtsflottiljen Dykdivisionen Belos, URF
1998 1. ubåtsflottiljen Torpedbärgningsdivisionen Pelikanen, Pingvinen
2013 1.ubåtsflottiljen Gotland, Halland, Uppland, Södermanland, Östergötland

Heraldry and traditions[edit]

Coat of arms in metal mounted on varnished wooden plate.

The coat of arms of the flotilla, "In a field of gold over a scaled shaped blue stem a black trident. The shield crowned by a royal crown." On 30 April 1996, the flotilla was awarded a Swedish naval ensign by the Supreme Commander Owe Wiktorin, which was handed over at Artillerigården in Stockholm.[2]

Commanders[edit]

  • 1994–1997: Captain Bertil Björkman
  • 1997–2000: Captain Curt Lundgren
  • 2000–2003: Captain Bo Rask
  • 2004–2007: Captain Anders Järn
  • 2007-2008: Captain Gunnar Wieslander
  • 2009–2010: Captain Jonas Haggren
  • 2010–2013: Captain Fredrik Norrby
  • 2013–2016: Captain Jens Nykvist
  • 2016–2016: Lieutenant Commander Stefan Östrand (acting)[6]
  • 2016–present: Captain Mats Agnéus[6]

Name, designation and staff locations[edit]

Name
1. undervattensbåtsdivisionen 1918 1934
Ubåtsavdelningen 1934 1951
1. ubåtsflottiljen 1951 1994-06-30
1. ubåtsavdelningen 1994-07-01 1997-12-31
1. ubåtsflottiljen 1998-01-01
Designations
1. ubflj 1951 1994-06-30
1. UbA 1994-07-01 1997-12-31
1. ubflj 1998-01-01
Staff locations
Muskö naval base 1969 2004-12-31
Karlskrona naval base 2005-01-01

References[edit]

  1. ^ Sandberg, Bo (2007). Försvarets marscher och signaler förr och nu: marscher antagna av svenska militära förband, skolor och staber samt igenkännings-, tjänstgörings- och exercissignaler (in Swedish) (New ed.). Stockholm: Militärmusiksamfundet med Svenskt marscharkiv. p. 201. ISBN 978-91-631-8699-8. LIBRIS 10413065. 
  2. ^ a b Birke, Sune; Braunstein, Christian (2011). Sveriges marina förband och skolor under 1900-talet. Skrift / Statens försvarshistoriska museer, 1101-7023 ; 13 (in Swedish). Stockholm: Statens försvarshistoriska museer. p. 87. LIBRIS 12638815. 
  3. ^ Kjellander, Rune (2007). Svenska marinens högre chefer 1700-2005: chefsbiografier och befattningsöversikter samt Kungl Örlogsmannasällskapets ämbetsmän och ledamöter 1771-2005 (in Swedish). Stockholm: Probus. p. 201. ISBN 978-91-87184-83-3. LIBRIS 10452099. 
  4. ^ "Om förbandet" [About the unit] (in Swedish). Swedish Armed Forces. Retrieved 9 May 2017. 
  5. ^ Birke, Sune; Braunstein, Christian (2011). Sveriges marina förband och skolor under 1900-talet. Skrift / Statens försvarshistoriska museer, 1101-7023 ; 13 (in Swedish). Stockholm: Statens försvarshistoriska museer. pp. 73–85. LIBRIS 12638815. 
  6. ^ a b Törnqvist, Thomas (15 September 2016). "Han är ny chef på ubåtsflottiljen" [He is the new commander of the Submarine Flotilla]. Sydöstran (in Swedish). Retrieved 21 April 2017. 

External links[edit]