2019–20 Uzbek parliamentary election

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2019–2020 Uzbek parliamentary election
Uzbekistan
← 2014–15 22 December 2019 (first round)
5 January 2020 (second round)
2024–25 →

150 seats in the Legislative Chamber
76 seats needed for a majority
Turnout71.1% (first round)
62.8% (second round)
Party Leader % Seats ±
Liberal Democratic Aktam Haitov 53 +1
Milliy Tiklanish Alisher Kadyrov 36 0
Adolat Narimon Umarov 24 +4
PDPU Ulugʻbek Inoyatov 22 -5
Ecological Party Boriy Alixonov 15 0
This lists parties that won seats. See the complete results below.
Speaker before Speaker after
Nurdinjon Ismoilov
PDPU
N/A
N/A
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Parliamentary elections were held in Uzbekistan on 22 December 2019, with a second round in 25 of the 150 constituencies on 5 January 2020.[1] They were the first elections to be held after the death of Islam Karimov in 2016.[2] The ruling Uzbekistan Liberal Democratic Party remained the largest party in the Legislative Chamber, winning 53 of the 150 seats. All five parties contesting the elections were regarded as loyal to President Shavkat Mirziyoyev.[3]

Electoral system[edit]

The 150 members of the Legislative Chamber were elected from single member constituencies using the two-round system. A second round was also held in constituencies where voter turnout was less than 33%.[4]

With the adoption of a new electoral code in June 2019,[5] this was the first election in which all seats in the Legislative Chamber were directly elected; previously fifteen seats had been reserved for the Ecological Movement.[6] Other reforms included a new requirement that all candidates be nominated by a political party, and a minimum quota of 30% of female candidates for each party.[7]

Campaign[edit]

A total of 744 candidates contested the 150 seats, representing five parties viewed as loyal to the president. An official debate between party leaders was held for the first time.[8] Opposition parties were banned, including the Erk Democratic Party, whose leader Muhammad Salih remained in exile.[3] However, after the first round of voting, President Mirziyoyev and the Chairman of the Central Election Commission made rare public acknowledgements of the existence of opposition parties, and raised the possibility that they would be allowed to participate in future elections.[9][10] These statements were made amidst an outbreak of protests over shortages and high prices during the campaign period,[11][12][13][14][15][16] and the increased use of social media to discuss politics in the country.[17][18]

In the second round, the 50 candidates contesting the 25 remaining seats included 15 from the Uzbekistan Liberal Democratic Party, 11 from the Uzbekistan National Revival Democratic Party, 10 from the Justice Social Democratic Party, 9 from the People's Democratic Party of Uzbekistan and five from the Ecological Party.[19]

Results[edit]

Ouzbékistan Chambre législative 2020.svg
Party First round Second round Total
seats
+/–
Votes % Seats Votes % Seats
Uzbekistan Liberal Democratic Party 42 11 53 +1
Uzbekistan National Revival Democratic Party 34 2 36 0
Justice Social Democratic Party 20 4 24 +4
People's Democratic Party of Uzbekistan 18 4 22 –5
Ecological Party of Uzbekistan 11 4 15 0
Total 13,963,627 100 125 1,978,048 100 25 150 0
Registered voters/turnout 18,797,810 74.3 3,147,921 62.8
Source: CEC, CEC, CEC

References[edit]

  1. ^ Uzbekistan elects new parliament with no opposition The Washington Post, 23 December 2019
  2. ^ Uzbekistan holds parliamentary elections lacking opposition Al Jazeera, 22 December 2019
  3. ^ a b Questions over Uzbekistan's new era of 'openness' BBC News, 20 December 2019
  4. ^ Republic of Uzbekistan: Election for Qonunchilik Palatasi (Uzbekistani Legislative Chamber) IFES
  5. ^ "Electoral Code Entered Into Force". Gazeta.uz. 26 June 2019. (in Russian)
  6. ^ "A new party created in Uzbekistan". Podrobno.uz. 8 January 2019. (in Russian)
  7. ^ "Parliamentary elections in Uzbekistan will be held taking into account international requirements - CEC head". Uzbekistan Central Election Commission. 21 October 2019. (in Russian)
  8. ^ "Демократик Дебат ( 10.11.2019 ) Сайлов 2019". YouTube. 17 November 2019.
  9. ^ "I am not against the opposition, but it should be formed here - President". Gazeta.uz. 27 December 2019. (in Russian)
  10. ^ "CEC Chairman: If Erk and Birlik return and register, other parties may appear". RFE/RL. 23 December 2019. (in Uzbek)
  11. ^ "Outraged by lack of gas, residents set fire to tires near Nukus". Fergana. 28 November 2019. (in Russian)
  12. ^ "In Andijan, residents blocked the road in protest of gas and electricity shortages". RFE/RL. 30 November 2019. (in Uzbek)
  13. ^ "Near Ferghana, protesters blocked the highway due to lack of light and gas". Fergana. 1 December 2019. (in Russian)
  14. ^ "Protesters blocked gas supplies in Ellikkala". RFE/RL. 2 December 2019. (in Uzbek)
  15. ^ "The women were dissatisfied with gas shortages in Khorezm". RFE/RL. 9 December 2019. (in Uzbek)
  16. ^ "2019 Results: Gas and electricity are also scarce this year. But the population began to protest". RFE/RL. 25 December 2019. (in Uzbek)
  17. ^ "Shavkat Mirziyoyev talks about the opposition". UPL. 28 December 2019. (in Russian)
  18. ^ "A Year in Review: Uzbekistan Continues to Open Up at Home and to the World". The Jamestown Foundation. 15 January 2020.
  19. ^ Об очередном заседании Центральной избирательной комиссии CEC