28th Military Airlift Squadron

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28th Military Airlift Squadron
Douglas C-124C Globemaster II 52-1004 (8042356947).jpg
Douglas C-124 Globemaster II as flown by the 28th MAS
Active 1942–1954; 1952–1969
Country United States
Branch  United States Air Force
Role Airlift
Engagements European Theater of Operations Mediterranean Theater of Operations
Decorations Distinguished Unit Citation Air Force Outstanding Unit Award
Insignia
Patch with 28th Military Airlift Squadron emblem 28th Military Airlift Squadron - MAC - Emblem.png
Patch with 28th Logistics Support Squadron emblem 28th Logistic Support Squadron - AFLC - Emblem.png
28th Troop Carrier Squadron (approved 25 November 1944[1] 28th Troop Carrier Squadron - Emblem.png

The 28th Military Airlift Squadron is an inactive United States Air Force unit. Its last was assigned to the 62d Military Airlift Wing at Hill Air Force Base, Utah, where it was inactivated in April 1969.

The squadron was first activated as the 28th Transport Squadron in 1942. As the 28th Troop Carrier Squadron the unit saw combat in the European and Mediterranean Theaters. It earned a Distinguished Unit Citation for its combat performance.

The 28th Logistic Support Squadron was activated in 1953 at Hill Air Force Base, Utah under Air Materiel Command (AMC) as an airlift unit for special weapons under AMC control. The squadron also provided other airlift support as a secondary mission. In 1962 the squadron transferred to Military Air Transport Service.

The two squadrons were consolidated in 1985 as the 18th Airborne Command and Control Squadron but have not been active since that date.

History[edit]

World War II[edit]

Established as part of the Army Air Corps on 1 February 1942 at Daniel Field, Georgia. Equipped with C-47 Skytrain transports as one of the original four squadrons of the 89th Transport Group.[2] The 89th group provided transition training for transport pilots.[2] However, a little more than three months later, the squadron was reassigned to the 60th Transport Group at Westover Field, Massachusetts.[1]

C-47s of the 60th Troop Carrier Group

The 60th group at Westover was preparing for shipment overseas, and the squadron trained and trained for combat resupply and casualty evacuation missions. Was ordered deployed to England, assigned to Eighth Air Force in June 1942. Assigned fuselage code 3D. Performed intro-theater transport flights of personnel, supply and equipment within England during summer and fall of 1942, reassigned to Twelfth Air Force after Operation Torch invasion of North Africa in November 1942, transporting paratroopers to Oran, Algeria during the early hours of Operation Torch.[3]

In combat, performed resupply and evacuation missions across Morocco, Algeria and Tunisia during North African Campaign. During June 1943, the unit began training with gliders in preparation for Operation Husky, the invasion of Sicily. It towed gliders to Syracuse, Sicily and dropped paratroopers at Catania during the operation. After moving to Sicily, the squadron airdropped supplies to escaped prisoners of war in Northern Italy in October.[3]

The unit provided support for partisans operating in the Balkans. Its unarmed aircraft flew at night over uncharted territory, landing at small unprepared airfields to provide guns, ammunition, clothing, medical supplies, gasoline, and mail to the partisans. It even carried jeeps and mules as cargo. On return trips it evacuated wounded partisans, evadees and escaped prisoners. These operations earned the squadron the Distinguished Unit Citation. It also dropped paratroopers at Megava, Greece in October 1944 and propaganda leaflets in the Balkans in the Mediterranean Theater of Operations until end of combat in Europe, May 1945.[3]

After hostilities ended, was transferred to Waller Field, Trinidad attached to the Air Transport Command Transported personnel and equipment from Brazil to South Florida along the South Atlantic Air Transport Route.[3] Squadron picked up personnel and equipment in Brazil or bases in Northern South America with final destination being Miami, Boca Raton Army Airfield or Morrison Fields in South Florida. Inactivated at the end of July 1945.[1]

Special Airlift[edit]

The 28th Logistic Support Squadron was activated at Hill Air Force Base,[4] Utah and equipped with Douglas C-124 Globemaster IIs in July 1953. Its mission was to provide worldwide airlift of special weapons and related equipment, with a secondary mission to airlift other Department of Defense cargo as required when space was available.[5]

In 1955 Air Material Command organized the 3079th Aviation Depot Wing to exercise command jurisdiction over all its logistic support squadrons.[6] Previously, the 7th, 19th and 28th Logistic Support Squadrons had been assigned to separate air materiel areas. The 3097th wing also commanded aviation depot groups[6] responsible for the storage and maintenance of special weapons.

In 1962 the squadron was transferred to Military Air Transport Service (MATS)'s 1501st Air Transport Wing at Travis Air Force Base, California.[7] It was redesignated the 28th Air Transport Squadron, but remained at Hill with the same mission (as indicated by the "Special" added to its designation). When MATS became Military Airlift Command in 1966, the squadron was renamed the 28th Military Airlift Squadron and its headquarters, now the 60th Military Airlift Wing, remained at Travis.[8] In 1967, the 60th wing retired its C-124s and the squadron was reassigned to the 62d Military Airlift Wing, which now had the global special weapons airlift support mission.[9] The squadron was inactivated in the spring of 1969.

Lineage[edit]

18th Airborne Command and Control Squadron (not active)

Assignments[edit]

Stations[edit]

Aircraft[edit]

  • Douglas C-47, 1942–1945[10]
  • Douglas C-124 Globemaster II, 1952–1969

Awards and Campaigns[edit]

Award streamer Award Dates Notes
Streamer PUC Army.PNG Distinguished Unit Citation 28 March 1944-15 September 1944 28th Troop Carrier Squadron[1]
Air Force Outstanding Unit Award Streamer.jpg Air Force Outstanding Unit Award 1 January 1962-31 December 1962 28th Logistic Support Squadron (later 28th Air Transport Squadron)[14]
Air Force Outstanding Unit Award Streamer.jpg Air Force Outstanding Unit Award 1 July 1965-30 June 1966 28th Air Transport Squadron (later 28th Military Airlift Squadron)[14][15]
Air Force Outstanding Unit Award Streamer.jpg Air Force Outstanding Unit Award 1 July 1966-30 June 1967 28th Military Airlift Squadron[15]


Campaign Streamer Campaign Dates Notes
European-African-Middle Eastern Campaign Medal streamer.png Tunisia 14 November 1942 – 13 May 1943 28th Troop Carrier Squadron[1]
European-African-Middle Eastern Campaign Medal streamer.png Sicily 14 May 1943 – 17 August 1943 28th Troop Carrier Squadron[1]
European-African-Middle Eastern Campaign Medal streamer.png Naples-Foggia 18 August 1943 – 21 January 1944 28th Troop Carrier Squadron[1]
European-African-Middle Eastern Campaign Medal streamer.png Rome-Arno 22 January 1944 – 9 September 1944 28th Troop Carrier Squadron[1]
European-African-Middle Eastern Campaign Medal streamer.png North Apennines 10 September 1944 – 4 April 1945 28th Troop Carrier Squadron[1]
European-African-Middle Eastern Campaign Medal streamer.png Po Valley 3 April 1945 – 8 May 1945 28th Troop Carrier Squadron[1]
European-African-Middle Eastern Campaign Medal streamer.png Air Combat, EAME Theater 28 July 1942 – 11 May 1945 28th Troop Carrier Squadron[1]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Maurer, Combat Squadrons, pp. 144–145
  2. ^ a b Maurer, Combat Units, pp. 154–155
  3. ^ a b c d Maurer, Combat Units, pp. 123–125
  4. ^ a b Mueller, p. 243
  5. ^ Abstract, History 28 Logistic Support Squadron Jan–Jun 1955 Retrieved 26 December 2013
  6. ^ a b Abstract, History 3079 Aviation Depot Wing Jan–Jun 1956 Retrieved 26 December 2013
  7. ^ a b Abstract, History 1501 Air Transport Wing Jan–Jun 1963 Retrieved 26 December 2013
  8. ^ a b Ravenstein, p. 95
  9. ^ a b c Ravenstein, p. 99
  10. ^ a b c d Lineage of 28th Troop Carrier Squadron, including assignments, stations and aircraft in Maurer, Combat Squadrons, pp. 144–145
  11. ^ a b Department of the Air Force/MPM Letter 662q, 19 September 85, Subject: Reconstitution, Redesignation, and Consolidation of Selected Air Force Tactical Squadrons
  12. ^ a b See Mueller, p. 243
  13. ^ a b Station numbers in Anderson
  14. ^ a b AF Pamphlet 900-2, 15 June 1971, p. 151
  15. ^ a b AFP 900-2 15 June 1971, p. 153

Bibliography[edit]

 This article incorporates public domain material from the Air Force Historical Research Agency website http://www.afhra.af.mil/.

Further reading

  • Ulanoff, Stanley M. (1964). MATS: The Story of the Military Air Transport Service. New York, NY: Franklin Watts, Inc. ISBN 978-1-19908-768-3.