|Centuries:||1st century BC – 1st century – 2nd century|
|Decades:||10s 20s 30s – 40s – 50s 60s 70s|
|Years:||38 39 40 – 41 – 42 43 44|
|41 by topic|
|State leaders – Sovereign states|
|Birth and death categories|
|Births – Deaths|
|Establishment and disestablishment categories|
|Establishments – Disestablishments|
|Ab urbe condita||794|
|Chinese calendar||庚子年 (Metal Rat)
2737 or 2677
— to —
辛丑年 (Metal Ox)
2738 or 2678
|Coptic calendar||−243 – −242|
|- Vikram Samvat||97–98|
|- Shaka Samvat||N/A|
|- Kali Yuga||3142–3143|
|Iranian calendar||581 BP – 580 BP|
|Islamic calendar||599 BH – 598 BH|
|Minguo calendar||1871 before ROC
|Seleucid era||352/353 AG|
|Thai solar calendar||583–584|
Year 41 (XLI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. At the time, it was known as the Year of the Consulship of C. Caesar Augustus Germanicus and Cn. Sentius Saturninus (or, less frequently, year 794 Ab urbe condita). The denomination 41 for this year has been used since the early medieval period, when the Anno Domini calendar era became the prevalent method in Europe for naming years.
- Consuls are the emperor Caligula and Gnaeus Sentius Saturninus.
- January 24
- January 25 – After a night of negotiation, Claudius is accepted as Emperor by the Senate.
- Claudius makes Agrippa king of Judea.
- Messalina, wife of Claudius, persuades Claudius to have Seneca the Younger banished to Corsica on a charge of adultery with Julia Livilla.
- Claudius restores religious freedom to Jews throughout the empire, but prohibits Jews in Rome from proselytising.
- An attack across the Rhine by the Germans is stopped by the Romans.
- Emperor Guangwu of the Han dynasty deposes his wife, Guo Shengtong, as empress, and creates his consort Yin Lihua empress in her place.
- The disciples of Jesus form communities after the Diaspora, especially in Damascus and Antioch. For the first time they are called Christians.
- The death of Caligula saves the Jewish people from being punished for resisting orders to worship his statue in the Temple of Jerusalem.
- January 24 – Caligula, Roman emperor (assassinated) (b. 12 AD)
- Julia Drusilla, daughter of Caligula (assassinated) (b. 39 AD)
- End of the year – Julia Livilla, daughter of Germanicus, niece of Claudius (starved to death in her exile) (b. 18 AD)
- Milonia Caesonia, wife of Caligula (assassinated) (b. 6 AD)
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