82nd Cavalry Regiment
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|82nd Cavalry Regiment|
Coat of arms
|Branch||Oregon Army National Guard|
|Role||Reconnaissance and surveillance|
|Engagements||World War II
Operation Iraqi Freedom
Operation Enduring Freedom
Hurricane Katrina/Rita Relief
|MAJ (P) John V. Qualls|
|Distinctive unit insignia|
U.S. Cavalry Regiments
|75th Cavalry Regiment||89th Cavalry Regiment|
The 82nd Cavalry Regiment is a parent regiment in the United States Army National Guard. It is represented in the Oregon Army National Guard by the 1st Squadron, 82nd Cavalry, part of the 81st Stryker Brigade Combat Team.
The 82nd Cavalry was originally constituted on 25 March 1959 as the 82nd Armor, a Combat Arms Regimental System (CARS) parent regiment in the Oregon Army National Guard. It was organized on 1 April 1959, consisting of the 1st Reconnaissance Squadron at Silverton, part of the 41st Infantry Division. The squadron became the 1st Squadron, 82nd Cavalry, on 1 March 1963. It was redesignated to consist of the 1st Squadron in the 41st Division and Troop E in the 41st Infantry Brigade on 15 November 1965. On 1 March 1968, it was reorganized to consist of Troop E of the 41st Infantry Brigade.
Originally 1-82 Cavalry was a TDA squadron headquarters of 15 personnel with ADCON (administrative control) responsibilities over three independent Brigade Reconnaissance Troops (BRTs) - E, F, and G, respectively. Each troop was aligned with separate brigades. E Troop with the 41st IBCT (Oregon ARNG), F Troop with the 29th IBCT (Hawaii ARNG), and G Troop with 116th ACR (Idaho ARNG).
G Troop deployed to Iraq in 2004 and was reassigned to the Montana Army National Guard's 1st Battalion, 163rd Infantry in October. While serving in Iraq, the troop was awarded the Valorous Unit Award by Permanent Orders 144-10 on 22 May 2008 for the period between 15 February and 1 November 2005.
F Troop was deployed as a Brigade Reconnaissance Troop of the 29th Brigade Combat Team during Operation Iraqi Freedom III in 2005 and 2006. The troop conducted operations in the vicinity of Balad throughout this period.
In 2007, the 41st IBCT underwent a transformation, which involved the inactivation of the 1st Battalion, 162nd Infantry and the standing up of the 1st Squadron, 82nd Cavalry as a full RSTA squadron using elements from the TDA headquarters, three brigade reconnaissance troops, and the 1st Battalion, 162nd Infantry. The squadron deployed to Iraq from 2009 and 2010 as a full reconnaissance squadron, responsible for overseeing security for the Joint Visitors Bureau and the Camp Victory Base Complex, as well as for the supply convoys supporting the Forward operating bases in the Baghdad metropolitan area. Between 2013 and 2014, it deployed to Afghanistan.
In 2015, 1-82 Cavalry was selected as the Oregon unit to participate in the West Coast Stryker Brigade transformation of the 81st ABCT (Washington ARNG). In 2017, they will remain located in Oregon but again become aligned out of the state as the Stryker RSTA for the new 81st Stryker Brigade Combat Team.
Distinctive unit insignia
A Gold color metal and enamel device 1 1⁄8 inches (2.9 cm) in height overall consisting of a shield blazoned: Or, a chevron enhanced rompu parti per chevron Azure and Gules in base between three mullets one and two of the second, a sea lion of the third. Attached below the shield a Gold scroll inscribed "TEMERITAS" in Blue letters.
Yellow is a color traditionally associated with Armor and Cavalry units. The bi-colored forward thrust of the chevron refers to the predecessor unit’s two assault landings (in New Guinea and in the Southern Philippines) during World War II. The sea lion and stars are taken from the Philippine Presidential Seal in reference to the action for which the parent unit was awarded the Philippine Presidential Unit Citation.
The distinctive unit insignia was originally approved for the 82d Armor Regiment, Oregon National Guard on 21 January 1963. It was redesignated for the 82d Cavalry Regiment, Oregon National Guard on 12 December 1963. The insignia was amended to revise the description and symbolism on 11 January 1989.
Coat of arms
Or, a chevron enhanced rompu parti per chevron Azure and Gules in base between three mullets one and two of the second, a sea lion of the third.
That for the regiments and separate battalions of the Oregon and Nevada Army National Guard, in the order in which they were admitted to the Union: OREGON: On a wreath of the colors Or and Azure, a demi-disc Gules charged with the setting sun with twelve light rays Or (the shoulder sleeve insignia of the 41st Division), behind a beaver sejant Proper. NEVADA: On a wreath of the colors Or and Azure, within a garland of sagebrush a sledge hammer and miner’s drill crossed in saltire behind a pickax in pale Proper. Motto TEMERITAS (Temerity).
Yellow is a color traditionally associated with Armor and Cavalry units. The bi-colored forward thrust of the chevron refers to the predecessor unit’s two assault landings (in New Guinea and in the Southern Philippines) during World War II. The sea lion and stars are taken from the Philippine Presidential Seal in reference to the action for which the parent unit was awarded the Philippine Presidential Unit Citation. Crest The crests are those of the Oregon and Nevada Army National Guard.
The coat of arms was originally approved for the 82d Armor Regiment, Oregon National Guard on 21 January 1963. It was redesignated for the 82d Cavalry Regiment, Oregon National Guard on 12 December 1963. The insignia was amended to add the crest of the state of Nevada and revise the symbolism on 11 January 1989.
- 1st Squadron 82nd Cavalry Regiment (United States)
The 1st Squadron, 82nd Cavalry Regiment, currently serves with the 81st Stryker Brigade Combat Team (United States) of the Washington Army National Guard. It is headquartered in Bend, Oregon. The unit consists of the HHT and Charlie Troop (both of Bend), Alpha Troop (of Lebanon, Oregon), Bravo Troop (of Redmond, Oregon), Delta Troop (of The Dalles, Oregon), and Delta Company (FSC) (of Prineville, Oregon).
As a cavalry unit, Alpha, Bravo, and Charlie Troops are equipped with Reconnaissance Variant Strykers while Delta Troop (Heavy Weapons Troop) is equipped with three platoons of ATGM Strykers and three platoons of MGS Strykers. When the squadron was redesignated, it was changed to a RSTA unit (Reconnaissance, Surveillance, and Target Acquisition).
About the regimental crest: Yellow is the color of armor. The bi-colored forward thrust of the chevron refers to the two assault landings by an element of the regiment in New Guinea and Luzon during World War II. The sea lion and the stars, from the Philippine Presidential seal, symbolize the award of the Philippine Presidential Unit Citation to an element of the regiment. Temeritas translates as "rashness", "audacity", or "with balls".
- 2nd Squadron 82nd Cavalry Regiment (United States)
- 3rd Squadron 82nd Cavalry Regiment (United States)
- 4th Squadron 82nd Cavalry Regiment (United States)
- United States Army branch insignia
- Coats of arms of U.S. Armor and Cavalry Regiments
- Field Artillery Branch (United States)
- Sawicki, James A. (1985). Cavalry regiments of the US Army. Dumfries, Virginia: Wyvern Publications. ISBN 9780960240463.
- Historical register and dictionary of the United States Army, from ..., Volume 1 By Francis Bernard Heitman 
- Encyclopedia of United States Army insignia and uniforms By William K. Emerson (page 51).