A Great Wall: Six Presidents and China
|Subject||People's Republic of China–United States relations|
|LC Class||E183.8.C5 T93 1999|
A Great Wall: Six Presidents and China: An Investigative History (1999) is a history of international relations written by journalist Patrick Tyler. The book details high level relations between the United States and China from the Nixon administration to the Clinton Administration. Primarily focused on the actions and motives of members of the president's cabinet and their counterparts in China, the book illustrates the large role personal politics and bureaucratic infighting had on the direction of China policy in the United States. Well received in the popular press, the book garnered mixed reviews in scholarly journals. However, the book won both the Lionel Gelber Prize and the New York Public Library's Helen Bernstein Book Award in 2000.
A Great Wall begins with a 1996 briefing to President Clinton regarding a burgeoning crisis between the People's Republic of China and the Republic of China, or Taiwan. Chinese intermediate-range ballistic missile testing was scheduled during the run-up to Taiwanese elections in March of that year. While not seen as a prelude to invasion, it was clear that the possibility for accidental escalation and war was real. This threat sets what Robert Kaplan in the New York Review of Books referred to as the somewhat "alarmist" tone for the book. Tyler asserts that war with China was historically very likely at certain flashpoints and remains likely due to the "insoluble problem of Taiwan".
Having established the significance of both the threat of war and the relationship between the United States and China, Tyler returns to the history of American relations with China, including covert conflicts and plans for war. During the Kennedy and Johnson administrations, China was viewed as a necessary check on Soviet expansion. Tyler asserts that Nixon's visit to China and the subsequent warming of relations were partially the result of Henry Kissinger's desire to push then Secretary of State William P. Rogers out of the sphere of influence on China policy. Tyler covers the personal infighting in great detail but notes that the outcome was generally positive for both countries.
Tyler is more critical of the Carter and Reagan administrations, noting specifically that the ambiguity which Kissinger and Nixon allowed to foment regarding Taiwan was beneficial to both nations, allowing China and the United States to "disagree while insisting that they didn't". However, Tyler reserves a great deal of criticism for the Clinton administration, whose largely humanitarian policies he feels were unsupported by the facts on the ground. Tyler ends the book where he began, with a "clear [assertion]" that Taiwan is paramount in Sino-American relations.
The book was largely well received in the popular press, with the New York Review of Books praising it as "compelling" and a "powerful statement in defense of pragmatism". Likewise, Foreign Affairs recommended the book, noting its "vivid detail". The journal Parameters gave a mixed review, praising the detail of the book but lamenting its limited scope. Mark Lagon, in the journal Perspectives on Political Science, savaged the book, calling it gossip-filled and a "slim" contribution to scholarship. Despite these mixed reviews, A Great Wall won both the Lionel Gelber Prize and the New York Public Library's Helen Bernstein Book Award in 2000.
- Tyler, Patrick (1999). A Great Wall: Six Presidents and China: An Investigative History. Public Affairs. pp. 21–25. ISBN 1-891620-37-1.
- Pye, Lucian, W. (November–December 1999). "(Untitled review) A Great Wall: Six Presidents and China: An Investigative History". Foreign Affairs. Council on Foreign Relations. Archived from the original on 2004-07-16. Retrieved 2008-09-18.
- Tyler (1999), pp. 38-43
- Kaplan, Robert D. "Because It's There". New York Review of Books. New York Times. Retrieved 2008-09-18.
- Scobell, Andrew (Winter 2000). "(Untitled review) A Great Wall: Six Presidents and China: An Investigative History". Parameters. U.S. Army War College. ISSN 0031-1723. Retrieved 2008-09-18.
- Lagon, Mark P. (Spring 2000). "Book Reviews". Perspectives on Political Science. 29 (2): 109–110. ISSN 1045-7097.
- "Bernstein Award Press Release". nypl.org. New York Public Library. 2000-05-05. Archived from the original on 6 September 2008. Retrieved 2008-09-18.
- "List of Gelber Prize Winners". Lionel Gelber Prize. University of Toronto. Archived from the original on 9 June 2008. Retrieved 2008-04-25.