A New Account of the Tales of the World
A New Account of the Tales of the World, also known as Shishuo Xinyu or Shih-shuo Hsin-yu (Chinese: 世說新語), was compiled and edited by Liu Yiqing (Liu I-ching; 劉義慶; 403–444) during the Liu Song dynasty (420–479) of the Southern and Northern Dynasties (420–589). The book contains some 1,130 historical anecdotes and character sketches of some 600 literati, musicians, and painters who lived in the Han and Wei–Jin periods, that is, the second through fourth centuries. Chapter 19, for instance, has 32 stories about outstanding women. It is thus both a biographical source and a record of colloquial language. The original text of the book was divided into eight volumes of juan ("scroll"), though current editions generally span ten volumes.
Although most of the anecdotes and personalities are attested in other sources, traditional Chinese bibliographers did not classify Shishuo Xinyu as history but as "minor talk" (xiao shuo), a term that was later used to refer to fiction. Literary historian Victor Mair comments that the "bias against Tales of the World as legitimate work of history undoubtedly stemmed from its failure to subscribe to the sanctioned conventions of history enshrined in the dynastic histories and its use of lively and sometimes colloquial language." The mixture of literary and vernacular styles set the scene for the later tradition of informal Chinese literature. The 20th-century Chinese novelist Lu Xun also spoke highly of the book's aesthetic merits.
- Hand-written fragments from the Tang dynasty (618–907) (唐寫本殘卷)
- Dong Fen edition, 1138 (8th year of the Shaoxing reign of the Southern Song); original kept in Japan (南宋紹興八年董弅刊本，原本存於日本)
- Edition by Lu You, 1188 (15th year of the Chunxi reign of the Southern Song) (南宋淳熙十五年陸游刻本)
- Edition from Hunan, 1189 (16th year of Chunxi) (淳熙十六年湘中刻本)
- Morality 德行第一
- Speech 言語第二
- Politics 政事第三
- Integrity 文學第四
- Generosity 方正第五
- Appreciation 雅量第六
- Identification 識鑑第七
- Appreciation 賞譽第八
- Evaluation 品藻第九
- Advice 規箴第十
- Comprehension 捷悟第十一
- Altklug 夙惠第十二
- Frankness and Straightforwardness 豪爽第十三
- Appearance and manner 容止第十四
- Amender 自新第十五
- Admiration 企羨第十六
- Lamentation 傷逝第十七
- Hermit and freedom 栖逸第十八
- Virtuous beauties 賢媛第十九
- Skills 術解第二十
- Exquisite craft 巧藝第二十一
- Rank honour 寵禮第二十二
- Willfulness and indulgence 任誕第二十三
- Arrogance 簡傲第二十四
- Tease and mock 排調第二十五
- Agreement and disagreement 輕詆第二十六
- Deceitfulness 假譎第二十七
- Dismissal 黜免第二十八
- Stinginess 儉嗇第二十九
- Sybaritism 汰侈第三十
- Resentment and irritability 忿狷第三十一
- Jesuitry 讒險第三十二
- Fault and regret 尤悔第三十三
- Careless mistakes 紕漏第三十四
- Indulgence 惑溺第三十五
- Feud 仇隙第三十六
References and notes
- Endymion Wilkinson. Chinese History: A New Manual. (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Asia Center, Harvard-Yenching Institute Monograph Series New Edition; Second, Revised printing March 2013, ISBN 9780674067158), p. 732.
- NJ Museum Archived October 9, 2014, at the Wayback Machine.
- Victor H. Mair. The Columbia Anthology of Traditional Chinese Literature. (New York: Columbia University Press, Translation from the Asian Classics, 1994. ISBN 023107428X), p. 768.
- Victor H. Mair (ed.), The Columbia History of Chinese Literature. (New York: Columbia University Press, 2001. ISBN 9780231109840), pp. 580, 688, 888.
- Yiqing Liu, Jun Liu and Richard B. Mather. A New Account of Tales of the World (Shih-Shuo Hsin-Yü). (Ann Arbor: Center for Chinese Studies, University of Michigan, Michigan Monographs in Chinese Studies, 2002). ISBN 089264155X.
- Nanxiu Qian. Spirit and Self in Medieval China : The Shih-Shuo Hsin-Yü and Its Legacy. (Honolulu: University of Hawai*i Press, 2001). ISBN 0824823095.
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