Abarim (Hebrew: הָרֵי הָעֲבָרִים, Avarim, Har Ha-'Avarim, or Harei Ha-'Avarim; Septuagint to oros to Abarim, en to peran tou Iordanou, mountain Abarim, mountains of Abarim) is a mountain range across Jordan, to the east and south-east of the Dead Sea, extending from Mount Nebo — its highest point — in the north, perhaps to the Arabian desert in the south.
Accordng to Cheyne and Black, its Hebrew meaning is "'Those-on-the-other-side'—i.e., of the Jordan." The Vulgate (Deuteronomy 32:49) gives its etymological meaning as passages. Its northern part was called Phasga (or Pisgah), and the highest peak of Pisgah was Mount Nebo (Numbers 23:14; 27:12; 21:20; 32:47; Deuteronomy 3:27; 34:1; 32:49).
These mountains are mentioned several times in the Hebrew Bible:
- Balaam blessed Israel the second time from the top of Mount Pisgah (Numbers 23:14)
- From "the top of Pisgah" i.e. Mount Nebo, an area which belonged to Moab, Moses surveyed the Promised Land (Numbers 27:12 and Deuteronomy 3:27; 32:49), and there he died (34:1,5)
- The Israelites had one of their encampments in the mountains of Abarim (Num. 33:47,48) after crossing the Arnon
- The prophet Jeremiah linked it with Bashan and Lebanon as locations from which the people cried in vain to God for rescue (Jeremiah 22:20)
- Jeremias hid the ark there (II Maccabees 2:4-5).
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- Cheyne and Black (1899), Encyclopaedia Biblica, "Abarim."
- This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Herbermann, Charles, ed. (1913). "Abarim". Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton.
- This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Easton, Matthew George (1897). "Abarim". Easton's Bible Dictionary (New and revised ed.). T. Nelson and Sons.
- Reynolds, Francis J., ed. (1921). "Abarim". Collier's New Encyclopedia. New York: P.F. Collier & Son Company.
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