Abdul Kerim Pasha

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Abdul Kerim Pasha
Abdlkerim Pasha.jpg
Nickname(s) Öpelimi
Born 1872
Died Istanbul, Turkey
Allegiance  Ottoman Empire
Service/branch  Ottoman Army
Years of service until 1922
Rank Lieutenant general
Commands held XI Corps, Right Wing of the Third Army, Third Army (deputy), General Rearguard, XX Corps, Third Army, delegate to Georgia (Tiflis), member of the First Board of the Military Appeal Court, member of the First Court-martial, president of the First Court-martial
Battles/wars Italo-Turkish War
Balkan Wars
First World War

Abdul Kerim Pasha (Turkish: Abdülkerim Paşa; born 1872 and died January 16, 1923[1]), also known as Abdülkerim Öpelimi, was an Ottoman commander on the Caucasus front of World War I.


Abdul Kerim Pasha's first battle was when the Russian general Oganovski launched an offence into the hills west of Manzikert, in 1915. Abdul Kerim Pasha counterattacked against the Russians and defeated Oganovski at the Battle of Manzikert, and captured the town of Manzikert. However Nikolai Yudenich, replaced Oganovski, as Russian commander, and counterattacked, re-taking Manzikert.

Yudenich ordered a retreat from Manzikert, as he was outnumbered by Abdul Kerim Pasha's army, and Kerim pursued. Yudenich defeated Kerim at the Battle of Kara Killisse. Pasha retreated back to Manzikert.

In February 1916, Kerim suffered a major defeat at the Battle of Erzurum. After that, Kerim was removed from command.

In December 1916, he was shortly reinstated as commander of the XX Corps, which was sent to support Bulgaria and Germany on the Salonika Front, but already in May 1917, the force was dismantled and recalled to Mesopotamia, where the troops were urgently needed.


  1. ^ Hülya Toker, Nurcan Fidan, Birinci Dünya Savaşı'na katılan Alay ve Daha Üst Kademedeki Komutanların Biyografileri, Genelkurmay Basım Evi, 2009, ISBN 978-975-409-493-0, p. 137. (in Turkish)