Abidjan Peace Accord

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The Abidjan Peace Accord was a treaty signed between the Sierra Leone People's Party (SLPP) government of Ahmad Tejan Kabbah, and the Revolutionary United Front (RUF) rebel group led by Foday Sankoh to find a resolution to the Sierra Leone Civil War. Discussions for peace began in May 1996 in the city of Yamoussoukro, and although the initial talks failed, the channels of communication had been opened. Talks continued off and on for the next six months, and on 20 November 1996, the Abidjan Peace Accord was signed in Abidjan, Côte d'Ivoire.


The accords sought out a broad range of goals:

  • A National Commission for the Consolidation of Peace was to be established
  • A Neutral Monitoring Group was proposed, which would consist of 700 troops
  • All RUF combatants would disarm, and amnesty would be granted them
  • Efforts would be made to reintegrate RUF rebels into society
  • Foreign mercenary groups such as the government hired Executive Outcomes would leave the country after the establishment of the monitoring group


The monitoring group did not get off the ground, and the RUF proposed it consist of only 120 monitors, and agreement could not be reached. Tensions mounted when RUF spokesmen and supporters of the Commission for the Consolidation of Peace, Fayia Musa, Ibrahim Deen-Jalloh, and Philip Palmer were accused of attempting to overthrow Sankoh as leader of the RUF. The three were interred by RUF forces, and Sankoh consolidated power in the RUF leading up to the military coup of 25 May 1997 by Johnny Paul Koroma, leader of the newly formed Armed Forces Revolutionary Council, which joined forces with the RUF. This was certainly the death knell for any hope of peace stemming from the Abidjan Accords.


The signatories included:

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