Abitibi River

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Abitibi River
Abitibi River.JPG
Abitibi River at Iroquois Falls
Name origin: Algonquin language
Country Canada
Province Ontario
Region Cochrane District
 - left Black River, Frederick House River, North Driftwood River
 - right Sucker River, Little Abitibi River
Source Lake Abitibi
 - location 38 km east of Iroquois Falls
 - coordinates 48°47′06″N 80°10′23″W / 48.78500°N 80.17306°W / 48.78500; -80.17306
Mouth Moose River
 - location 30 km SSW from Moosonee
 - coordinates 51°04′17″N 80°55′32″W / 51.07139°N 80.92556°W / 51.07139; -80.92556Coordinates: 51°04′17″N 80°55′32″W / 51.07139°N 80.92556°W / 51.07139; -80.92556
Length 540 km (336 mi) to head of Lac Loïs [1]
Basin 29,500 km2 (11,400 sq mi) [1]

The Abitibi River is a river in northeastern Ontario, Canada, which flows northwest from Lake Abitibi to join the Moose River which empties into James Bay. This river is 540 kilometres (340 mi) long, and descends 265 metres (869 ft).[2]

The river was an important fur trading route for the Hudson's Bay Company. Now, pulp and paper, centered on the town of Iroquois Falls, Ontario, is an important industry in the heavily forested region through which it flows.[2] The region also supports tourism and gold mining.[2]

The Abitibi Canyon Generating Station is located on the river at Abitibi Canyon. The experience of surveying the river for the purposes of building this plant was the inspiration for folk singer Wade Hemsworth's "The Black Fly Song".

The name is from the Algonquin words abitah, meaning middle and nipi meaning water.[2]


Downstream course[edit]

Otter Rapids Dam as seen from the ONR railway.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b Atlas of Canada
  2. ^ a b c d Hoiberg, Dale H., ed. (2010). "Abitibi River". Encyclopedia Britannica. I: A-ak Bayes (15th ed.). Chicago, IL: Encyclopedia Britannica Inc. p. 33. ISBN 978-1-59339-837-8.