Avraham Avigdorov, 17 July 1949
|Born||July 2, 1929
Mitzpa, Mandatory Palestine
|Died||September 4, 2012 (aged 83)
|Service/branch||Israel Defense Forces|
|Years of service||1947–1948|
|Battles/wars||War of Independence|
|Awards||Medal of Valor
Hero of Israel
Avraham Avigdorov (Hebrew: אברהם אביגדורוב; July 2, 1929 – September 4, 2012) was an Israeli soldier and recipient of the Hero of Israel award (today the Medal of Valor), the highest Israeli military decoration. Avigdorov received the award for destroying two Bren machine gun positions on March 17, 1948, in the 1947–1948 Civil War in Mandatory Palestine.
Avigdorov was born in 1929 in Mitzpa, a moshava near Tiberias in Mandatory Palestine. His father Gad, a member of HaShomer, was killed in the 1936 Arab Revolt. After finishing his agriculture studies in Mikve Israel, Avraham joined the Palmach in July 1947 and was assigned to the Yiftach Brigade.
On March 18, 1948, in the 1947–1948 Civil War in Mandatory Palestine, shortly before the establishment of Israel and the outbreak of the 1948 Arab-Israeli War, he was part of an ambush of an Arab weapons convoy in the Kiryat Motzkin area. Avigdorov killed two Bren machine gunners defending the convoy and damaged their vehicle, thus turning the tide of the battle in the Palmach's favor. The vehicle he damaged exploded, seriously injuring Avigdorov. According to Avigdorov, he was placed in the morgue in the Rothschild Hospital in Haifa after being proclaimed dead by a local doctor. He was taken out after showing signs of life and stayed in a hospital with burns and a broken jaw until 1949. In that year he was operated on by South American plastic surgeons and released.
In July 1949 he was awarded the Hero of Israel citation, and in April 1973 he received the Medal of Valor automatically. Following the Yom Kippur War of 1973, Avigdorov visited bereaved families, as well as wounded veterans, to show them that one could live with an injury.
- Wolf, Pinhas (October 20, 2006). "A Doctor Came, Checked Us, and Proclaimed Us Dead". Bamahane (in Hebrew). Retrieved September 5, 2012.
- Fyler, Boaz (September 5, 2012). "Hero of Israel Laureate Dead at 83". Ynetnews. Retrieved September 5, 2012.
- Fyler, Boaz (September 4, 2012). "Hero of Israel Bumchik: Always Looked Forward". Ynetnews (in Hebrew). Retrieved September 5, 2012.
- "Avraham Avigdorov (Bumchik)". Palmach website (in Hebrew). Retrieved September 5, 2012.
- "Private Avigdorov Avraham" (in Hebrew). Manpower Directorate. Retrieved September 5, 2012.
- "Avigdorov, Avraham". Archived from the original on January 14, 2010. Retrieved September 5, 2012.