Abraham Darby III
Abraham Darby III (24 April 1750 – 1789) was an English ironmaster and Quaker. He was the third man of that name in several generations of an English Quaker family that played a pivotal role in the Industrial Revolution.
At age thirteen, Darby inherited his father's shares in the family iron-making businesses in the Severn Valley, and in 1768, aged eighteen, he took over the management of the Coalbrookdale ironworks. He took various measures to improve the conditions of his work force. In times of food shortage he brought up farms to grow food for his workers, he built housing for them, and he offered higher wages than were paid in other local industries, including toy making and the potteries. He built the largest cast iron structure of his era: the first cast-iron bridge ever built, as a crossing over the Severn near Coalbrookdale. The bridge made it impossible for the village of Ironbridge to grow up around it, with the area being subsequently named Ironbridge Gorge.
In 1776 Darby married Robert Smith of Doncaster, and they had seven children, of whom four survived to adulthood. He died in Madeley aged only 39 and was buried in the in Coalbrookdale. His sons Francis (1783–1850) and Richard (1788–1860) both worked in the Coalbrookdale Company.
- Skempton, A. W. (2002). A Biographical Dictionary of Civil Engineers in Great Britain and Ireland: 1500–1830. Thomas Telford. p. 170. ISBN 978-0-7277-2939-2.
- Neil Cossons, Barrie Stuart Trinder, The Iron Bridge: symbol of the Industrial Revolution (2002), p. 19
- Trinder, Barrie (1991) . The Darbys of Coalbrookdale. Phillimore & Co. / Ironbridge Gorge Museum Trust. p. 41. ISBN 0-85033-791-7.