Abraham Yahuda

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Abraham S. Yahuda
Abraham Shalom Yahuda portrait, G. Krokorian studio, Jerusalem.jpg
Yahuda in his youth
Born1877
Died1951
Scientific career
FieldsWriter, Linguist, Teacher
InstitutionsUniversity of Madrid, University of Berlin, New School for Social Research

Abraham Shalom Yahuda (1877–1951)[1] (Hebrew: אברהם שלום יהודה‎) was a Palestinian Jew,[2] polymath, teacher, writer, researcher, linguist, and collector of rare documents.

Biography[edit]

Abraham Shalom Yahuda was born in Jerusalem to a Jewish family originally from Baghdad. During his early life he studied under his brother Isaac Ezekial Yahuda. In 1895, at the age of fifteen, he wrote his first book (in Hebrew) entitled Arab Antiquities. Two years later, in 1897 he attended the First Zionist Congress in Basel, Switzerland. Afterwards he began teaching in Berlin from 1905 to 1914. Later, during the First World War, he relocated to Madrid where he was appointed in 1915, by royal decree, chair of rabbinic languages and literature[3] After a fall-out with Chaim Weizmann over Zionist attitudes to Arabs, he joined Zeev Jabotinsky's Revisionist Zionist Movement, and was thereafter actively sponsored by the latter.[3] Eventually Yahuda would relocate once again to New York and continue his career at the New School for Social Research.

During his lifetime Yahuda was a notable linguist and writer, translating and interpreting many ancient Arabic documents including various works of pre-Islamic poetry and medieval Judeo-Arabic texts. In 1935 he published The Accuracy of the Bible, a work which would spark a significant amount of international discussion.[4]

His book Dr. Weizmann’s Errors on Trial, was published posthumously in New York in 1952. This work was a scathing result of the slight he felt in being anonymously referred to in Chaim Weizmann's memoirs (Trial and Error: The Autobiography of Chaim Weizmann,) as a Spanish professor of marrano background.[3]

Upon his death many of Yahuda's vast collection of rare documents were donated to the Jewish National and University Library, including about fifteen hundred documents. Much of the donated material was of Arabic origin, however, several hundred items were in ancient Hebrew as well. Also included were a number of documents from other countries, including a number of illuminated manuscripts and unpublished documents penned by Sir Isaac Newton.[5] The collection of 7,500 handwritten theological papers was granted recognition within UNESCO'sMemory of the World” registry, recognizing documents which should be preserved for future generations.[6][7]

Cultural influences[edit]

In his 1993 play Hysteria, British playwright Terry Johnson created a character partly based on Yahuda's attempt to convince Sigmund Freud not to publish his final book, Moses and Monotheism.[8]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Jewish National & University Library". Archived from the original on 2014-08-16.
  2. ^ Cohn-Sherbok, Dan (2010-01-07). Dictionary of Jewish Biography. A&C Black. ISBN 978-1-4411-9784-9.
  3. ^ a b c Michael Rose Friedman, Orientalism between Empires:Abraham Shalom Yahuda at the Intersection of Sepharad, Zionism, and Imperialism Jewish Quarterly Review Vol. 109, No. 3, Summer 2019 pp. 435–451,p.438.
  4. ^ Ammiel Alcalay, 'Intellectual Life,' in Reeva Spector Simon, Michael Menachem Laskier, Sara Reguer (eds.), The Jews of the Middle East and North Africa in Modern Times, Columbia University Press, 2003 ISBN 978-0-231-50759-2pp.85-111, p.87
  5. ^ Hunter, Michael (1998). Archives of the Scientific Revolution: The Formation and Exchange of Ideas in Seventeenth-century Europe. Boydell & Brewer. p. 149. ISBN 0-85115-553-7. Retrieved 2008-08-03.
  6. ^ Surkes, Sue (11 February 2016). "Israel's Isaac Newton papers gain UNESCO recognition". The Times of Israel. The Times of Israel Ltd. Retrieved 13 February 2016.
  7. ^ "Programme Objectives". UNESCO - Memory of the World. UNESCO. Retrieved 13 February 2016.
  8. ^ Edmundson, Mark (September 9, 2007). "Defender of the Faith?". The New York Times. Retrieved 2008-08-03.

External links[edit]

Evri Yuval “Translating the Arab-Jewish Tradition: From al-Andalus to Palestine/Land of Israel” in Essays of the Forum Transregionale Studien, Berlin: forum-transregionale-studien