Abuna Aregawi

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Abuna Aregawi
Venerated inEthiopian Orthodox Church
FeastOctober 24–25
Church (known as Abuna Aregawi house) in Debre Damo monastery

Abuna Aregawi (also called Za-Mika'el 'Aragawi) was a sixth-century monk, whom tradition holds founded the monastery Debre Damo in Tigray, said to have been commissioned by Emperor Gebre Mesqel of Axum.

Life and activity[edit]

He is one of the Nine Saints of the Ethiopian Orthodox Church who claims he came from various parts of the Roman Empire to escape persecution after the Council of Chalcedon (451). The Nine Saints, Abba Aftsé, Abba 'Aléf, Abba Gärima, Abba Guba, Abba Liqanos, Abba Pantelewon, Abba Sehma, Abba Yäm'ata (Yemata) and Abba Zä-Mika'él 'Arägawi were learned monks who revitalized Christianity in Ethiopia, and to whom the Ge'ez version of the New Testament is attributed.[1]

After spending twelve years at the court of king Ella Amida of Axum, he set out with his companion the nun Edna to found Debre Damo. Later in his life, king Kaleb is said to have sought his advice before setting out to south Arabia against the Jewish king Dhu Nuwas.[2] He was a disciple of the famous Coptic monk St. Pachomius who is regarded a founder of Cenobitic Monasticism.[3]

Debre Demo monastery[edit]

God provided a large snake to aid him in climbing the amba, or steep-sided mountain, so he could build Debre Damo in Tigray. As David Buxton recounts the story, "when Abba Aragawi, the founder of the monastery, came to the foot of the cliff a great serpent appeared. As St Michael stood by to give directions, the serpent folded Abba Arawi in his coils and drew him to the top of the mountain." It is built with curved wood panels, painted ceilings and walls dedicated to the legend of Saint Abuna Aregawi. Many books have been written there and distributed to churches throughout Ethiopia. There are a collection of some of the best manuscripts presently existing in Ethiopia.[4]

Abba Aregawi is a saint currently canonized by the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church, as well as by the Ethiopian Catholic Church, as well as the Eritrean Orthodox Church. As one of the famous monks out of the nine Ethiopian Saints he was responsible for creating many monasteries and churches and was the main force behind installing monasticism in Ethiopia [5]

His feast day is on October 14 Ethiopian calendar (October 24 or 25 in Gregorian calendar).[6]


  1. ^ Shinn, David H.; Ofcansky Bowen, Thomas P. (2013). Historical Dictionary of Ethiopia. United Kingdom: Scarecrow Press Inc. p. 118.
  2. ^ Biography of Zä-Mika'él 'Arägawi from The Dictionary of Ethiopian Biography Archived September 27, 2007, at the Wayback Machine
  3. ^ Michael Daniel Ambatchew, Tales of Abuna AregawiTales of Abuna Aregawi, Publisher: Createspace Independent Pub (10 April 2006), ISBN 978-1419632693 Retrieved on 21 Mar 2018
  4. ^ Shinn, David H.; Ofcansky Bowen, Thomas P. (2013). Historical Dictionary of Ethiopia. United Kingdom: Scarecrow Press Inc. p. 118.
  5. ^ David Buxton, Travels in Ethiopia, second edition (London: Benn, 1957), p. 126
  6. ^ Debre Damo Retrieved on 21 Mar 2018