Acanthocardia tuberculata

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Acanthocardia tuberculata
Cardiidae - Acanthocardia tuberculata.JPG
One valve of the shell of Acanthocardia tuberculata from Sicily at the Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Milano
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Mollusca
Class: Bivalvia
Order: Veneroida
Superfamily: Cardioidea
Family: Cardiidae
Genus: Acanthocardia
Species: A. tuberculata
Binomial name
Acanthocardia tuberculata
(Linnaeus, 1758)
Synonyms
  • Acanthocardia (Rudicardium) tuberculata (Linnaeus, 1758)
  • Cardium rusticum Linnaeus, 1767
  • Cardium tuberculatum Linnaeus, 1758
  • Cardium tuberculatum var. mutica Bucquoy, Dautzenberg & Dollfus, 1892
  • Eucardium tuberculatum (Linnaeus, 1758)
  • Eucardium tuberculatum var. asperula Coen, 1915
  • Eucardium tuberculatum var. dautzenbergi Coen, 1915
  • Eucardium tuberculatum var. palaeomutica Coen, 1915
  • Eucardium tuberculatum var. picta Coen, 1915
  • Eucardium tuberculatum var. potens Coen, 1915

Acanthocardia tuberculata, common name the rough cockle, is a species of saltwater clam, a cockle, a marine bivalve mollusc in the family Cardiidae. The genus Acanthocardia is present from the Upper Oligocene to the Recent.

Description[edit]

The shell of Acanthocardia tuberculata can reach a size of about 95 mm. This shell is robust, equivalve, inflated and slightly inequilateral, with crenulated margins. The surface shows 18-20 strong radial ribs, with rows of spiny nodules. The basic coloration is usually pale brown with alternating darker concentric bands.

Distribution[edit]

Acanthocardia tuberculata can be found in the Mediterranean Sea and in the Northeast Atlantic Ocean.

Habitat[edit]

This species is present in the continental shelf from low tide to 200 m. Like most other bivalves, these mollusks are suspension feeders filtering phytoplankton.

Subspecies[edit]

  • Acanthocardia tuberculata citrinum Brusina, 1865
  • Acanthocardia tuberculata tuberculata (Linnaeus, 1758)
  • Acanthocardia tuberculata f. alba

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]