Acanthodoris

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Acanthodoris
Acanthodoris hudsoni.jpg
Acanthodoris hudsoni
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Mollusca
Class: Gastropoda
(unranked): clade Heterobranchia
clade Euthyneura
clade Nudipleura
clade Nudibranchia
clade Euctenidiacea
clade Doridacea
Superfamily: Onchidoridoidea
Family: Onchidorididae
Genus: Acanthodoris
(Gray, 1850)
Diversity
18 species (in this list)

Acanthodoris is a genus of sea slugs, dorid nudibranchs, shell-less marine gastropod mollusks in the family Onchidorididae.[1] The genus is believed to have originated in the Atlantic Ocean in the Cretaceous period and spread to the Pacific Ocean.[2] The relationships of Acanthodoris to the other genera in the family Onchidorididae were evaluated by molecular phylogeny in 2015.[3]

Species[edit]

Species within this genus include:[1]

Species brought into synonymy
  • Acanthodoris bifida (Verrill, 1870): synonym of Acanthodoris pilosa (Abildgaard in Müller, 1789)
  • Acanthodoris citrina (Verrill, 1879): synonym of Acanthodoris pilosa (Abildgaard in Müller, 1789)
  • Acanthodoris columbina MacFarland, 1926: synonym of Acanthodoris nanaimoensis O'Donoghue, 1921
  • Acanthodoris ornata (Verrill, 1879): synonym of Acanthodoris pilosa (Abildgaard in Müller, 1789)
  • Acanthodoris pallida Bergh, 1905: synonym of Acanthodoris pilosa (Abildgaard in Müller, 1789)
    • Acanthodoris pilosa ornata (Verrill, 1879): synonym of Acanthodoris pilosa (Abildgaard in Müller, 1789)
  • Acanthodoris serpentinotus Williams & Gosliner, 1979: synonym of Acanthodoris pina Ev. Marcus & Er. Marcus, 1967
  • Acanthodoris stellata (Gmelin, 1791): synonym of Acanthodoris pilosa (Abildgaard in Müller, 1789)
  • Acanthodoris stohleri Lance, 1968: synonym of Acanthodoris pina Ev. Marcus & Er. Marcus, 1967
  • Acanthodoris subquadrata (Alder & Hancock, 1845): synonym of Acanthodoris pilosa (Abildgaard in Müller, 1789)

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Gofas, S. (2015). Acanthodoris Gray, 1850. In: MolluscaBase (2015). Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species on 2016-01-09
  2. ^ Hallas, J.M., Simison, W.B. & Gosliner, T.M. (2016) Dating and biogeographical patterns in the sea slug genus Acanthodoris Gray, 1850 (Mollusca, Gastropoda, Nudibranchia). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 97: 19-31.
  3. ^ Hallas, JM and Gosliner, TM. (2015) Family Matters: the first molecular phylogeny of the Onchidorididae (Mollusca, Gastropoda, Nudibranchia). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 88: 16-27.
  4. ^ a b c d Fahey S. & Valdés A. (2005). A review of Acanthodoris Gray, 1850 with a Phylogenetic Analysis of Onchidorididae Alder and Hancock, 1845 (Mollusca, Nudibranchia). Archived July 21, 2011, at the Wayback Machine. Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences 56: 213-272.
  • Vaught, K.C. (1989). A classification of the living Mollusca. American Malacologists: Melbourne, FL (USA). ISBN 0-915826-22-4. XII, 195 pp.
  • Gofas, S.; Le Renard, J.; Bouchet, P. (2001). Mollusca, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels, 50: pp. 180–213