Accompanist is one who plays an accompaniment. A number of classical pianists have found success as accompanists rather than soloists; arguably the best known example is Gerald Moore, well known as a Lieder accompanist. In some American schools, the title collaborative pianist (or collaborative artist) is replacing the title accompanist.
The term accompanist also refers to a musician (typically a pianist) who plays for singers, dancers, and other performers at an audition or rehearsal—but doesn't necessarily participate in the ensemble that plays for the final performance.
An accompaniment figure is a musical gesture used repeatedly in an accompaniment, such as:
- Alberti bass and other arpeggio figures
- Ostinati figures (repeated lines) or, in popular music, riffs
Dialogue accompaniment is a form of call and response in which the lead and accompaniment alternate, the accompaniment playing during the rests of the lead and providing a drone or silence during the main melody or vocal.
- Figure (music)
- Figured bass (Basso continuo)
- Guitar picking
The dictionary definition of accompaniment at Wiktionary