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Temporal range: Oligocene–Pliocene
Aceratherium incisivum 2 skull.JPG
Aceratherium incisivum skull
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Perissodactyla
Family: Rhinocerotidae
Subfamily: Aceratheriinae
Dollo, 1885

See Taxonomy

Aceratheriinae is an extinct subfamily of rhinoceros endemic to Asia, Africa, Europe, and North America during the Oligocene through Pliocene living from 33.9—3.4 mya, existing for approximately 30.5 million years.[1]


Aceratheriinae was named by Dollo (1885). It was assigned to Rhinocerotida by Codrea (1992); and to Rhinocerotidae by Prothero (1998), Antoine et al. (2000), Kaya and Heissig (2001), Sach and Heizmann (2001) and Deng (2005).[2][3][4]

The following genera are recognized as valid:


  1. ^ PaleoBiology Database: Aceratheriinae, basic info
  2. ^ V. Codrea. 1992. New mammal remains from the Sarmatian deposits an Minisu de Sus (Taut, Arad County). Studia Universitatis Babes-Bolyai, Geologica 2:35-41
  3. ^ D. R. Prothero. 1998. Rhinocerotidae. in C. M. Janis, K. M. Scott, and L. L. Jacobs (eds.), Evolution of Tertiary mammals of North America 595-605
  4. ^ P.-O. Antoine, C. Bulot, and L. Ginsburg. 2000. Une faune rare de rhinocérotidés (Mammalia, Perissodactyla) dan le Miocène inférieur de Pellecahus (Gers, France). Geobios 33(2):249-255