Adam Teofil Humer born either 1917 or 1908, in Camden, USA into a Jewish peasant family - died November 2001 in Warsaw ) was a high-ranking official of the notorious Ministry of Public Security of Poland (deputy director of Investigations Bureau). Known for particular brutality and barbarity, Humer tortured political prisoners whom he interrogated during the 1940s and 1950s. Arrested in 1994, in March 1996 Humer and 11 other functionaries of the UB were convicted as Poland's first post-independence Stalinist criminals for their role in the routine torture and execution of members of the Polish Democratic Underground during the Stalinist era. Sentenced to nine years in prison, he died during a break in sentence.
- Tadeusz Piotrowski (1998). Poland's Holocaust: Ethnic Strife, Collaboration with Occupying Forces and Genocide in the Second Republic, 1918-1947. McFarland. ISBN 978-0-7864-0371-4.
- Jan Gross (18 December 2007). Fear: Anti-Semitism in Poland After Auschwitz. Random House Publishing Group. ISBN 978-0-307-43096-0.
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