Adam Humer

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Adam Humer
Adam Humer.jpg
Colonel Adam Humer
Born
Adam Teofil Umer

(1917-04-27)April 27, 1917
DiedNovember 12, 2001(2001-11-12) (aged 84)
Warsaw, Poland
NationalityPolish
OccupationInterrogator
Known forDeputy Director of the Department of Investigation of Ministry of Public Security
AwardsTwo Silver Cross of Merit

Adam Teofil Humer (born either 1917 or 1908, in Camden, USA – died November 2001 in Warsaw) was a Polish communist activist and high-ranking official of the Ministry of Public Security of Poland (deputy director of Investigations Bureau). Known for particular brutality. Humer tortured political prisoners whom he interrogated during the 1940s and 1950s.

Biography[edit]

Humer was born in to a Polish working class family in the United States. His father who was a communist activist was killed by underground anti-communists partisans in 1946. He and his family returned to Poland in 1921 and Humer later joined the Communist Youth Union of Western Ukraine.

During the Nazi invasion of Poland he remained in Tomaszów Lubelski. After the Soviet invasion of Poland in 1939 Humer and other activists of the Communist Youth Union created the Poviat Revolutionary Committee which he became its vice-chairman. After the Red Army withdrew and German–Soviet Frontier Treaty was signed Humer was evacuated to the Soviet occupation zone and entered the University of Lviv where he was engaged in propaganda and joined the Komsomol in 1941.[1]

After the start of the German-Soviet War and the occupation of Liviv, Humer returned Tomaszów Lubelski and remained in hiding. With the entry of the Red Army in July 1944, he participated in the organization of local national councils in the local poviat on behalf of the Polish Committee of National Liberation. In the period from August 13 to September 8, 1944, he was the head of the Propaganda and Information Department at the County National Council in Tomaszów Lubelski.

After the end of the war, Humer and his brother Edward, particularly threatened by attacks under the sentence of the Polish Underground State, were moved to Lublin, and soon to Warsaw. Adam ended up in the Ministry of Public Security and his brother was sent to work in the Main Directorate of Military Information.

An officer of the Ministry of Public Security in the People's Republic of Poland he was in the Department of Public Security from September 12, 1944 (including head of the Investigative Section of WUBP in Lublin, from February 15, 1945 head of Section VIII of Division I, from August 31, 1945 deputy head of Department VII of Department I of the Ministry of Public Security, from September 16, 1945 deputy head of Department IV) Independent MBP, from July 1, 1947 deputy director, at the same time head of the II Department of the Investigation Department of the Ministry of Public Security, from September 1, 1951 deputy director of the Investigation Department of the Ministry of Public Security). He actively participated in the suppression of the Polish anti-communist underground.[2]

Humer participated in the trial of Witold Pilecki, confirmed the indictment, on the basis of which Pilecki was executed.

In March 1955, during the beginning of de-Stalinization, umer was removed from office. His methods were qualified as "unlawful" by a special commission of the Politburo of the Polish United Workers' Party Central Committee.[3] From the security forces, Humer had to move to a secondary position in the Ministry of Agriculture. He was not persecuted, was not stripped of his military rank and retained the previously received award, Silver Cross of Merit.

Arrested in 1994, in March 1996 Humer and 11 other functionaries of the UB were convicted as Poland's first post-independence Stalinist criminals for their role in the routine torture and execution of members of the Polish Underground Resistance during the Stalinist era. Sentenced to nine years in prison, he died during a break in sentence.[4][5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Towarzysze mordercy: Adam Teofil Umer". www.fronda.pl (in Polish). Retrieved 2021-08-11.
  2. ^ "Biuletyn Informacji Publicznej Instytutu Pamięci Narodowej". katalog.bip.ipn.gov.pl. Retrieved 2021-08-11.
  3. ^ "Biuletyn Informacji Publicznej Instytutu Pamięci Narodowej". 2016-03-04. Archived from the original on 2016-03-04. Retrieved 2021-08-11.
  4. ^ Tadeusz Piotrowski (1998). Poland's Holocaust: Ethnic Strife, Collaboration with Occupying Forces and Genocide in the Second Republic, 1918-1947. McFarland. ISBN 978-0-7864-0371-4.
  5. ^ Jan Gross (18 December 2007). Fear: Anti-Semitism in Poland After Auschwitz. Random House Publishing Group. ISBN 978-0-307-43096-0.