Additional Protocol

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The Additional Protocol is a legal instrument that modifies a safeguards agreement with the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) and gives the IAEA additional tools to address undeclared activities in the state as a whole. The IAEA Board of Governors approved by the Model Additional Protocol, published as INFCIRC/540, in 1997.[1] Under an Additional Protocol, the State is required to provide additional declarations and access to the IAEA.[2] As of 31 May 2015, 147 countries had an Additional Protocol approved by the IAEA Board of Governors, 146 countries have signed, and 125 countries brought it into force.[3][4]