Addressable heap

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In computer science, an addressable heap is an abstract data type. Specifically, it is a mergeable heap supporting access to the elements of the heap via handles (also called references). It allows the key of the element referenced by a particular handle to be removed or decreased.

Definition[edit]

An addressable heap supports the following operations:[1]

  • Make-Heap(), creating an empty heap.
  • Insert(H,x), inserting an element x into the heap H, and returning a handle to it.
  • Min(H), returning a handle to the minimum element, or Nil if no such element exists.
  • Extract-Min(H), extracting and returning a handle to the minimum element, or Nil if no such element exists.
  • Remove(h), removing the element referenced by h (from its respective heap).
  • Decrease-Key(h,k), decreasing the key of the element referenced by h to k; illegal if k is larger than the key referenced by h.
  • Merge(H1,H2), combining the elements of H1 and H2.

Examples[edit]

Examples of addressable heaps include:

A more complete list with performance comparisons can be found here.

References[edit]