Adiantum philippense

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Adiantum philippense
Maidenhair 999855.jpeg
Frond of Adiantum philippense
Scientific classification
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A. philippense
Binomial name
Adiantum philippense

Adiantum philippense, (Goyali Lota, Kalijhant in Bengali: গয়ালী লতা, Hamsapadi, Kitamata, Tripadika in Sanskrit, Jarigida in Kannada, Hamsapadi in Hindi ), also known as walking maidenhair fern, or black maidenhair,[2] is a species of maidenhair fern (Adiantum) that is widely distributed through the southern hemisphere, notably Asia, Africa, and Madagascar.

Taxonomy[edit]

The species was named by Carl Linnaeus in 1753. It was lectotypified by R.E.G. Pichi-Sermolli in 1957 based on an illustration by James Petiver. The identifiability of this illustration was disputed, leading some authorities to deprecate A. philippense as a nomen dubium and use the next available name for the taxon, Adiantum lunulatum Burm.f..[3] Burman conferred this specific epithet based on its half-moon shaped pinnae.[4] However, Christopher Fraser-Jenkins located the original material and drawing of the lectotype sent to Petiver by Georg Joseph Kamel in the Sloane Herbarium, making clear the application of the name A. philippense.

Description[edit]

Adiantum philippense grows in a creeping or semi-erect position. Its fronds are arched and tufted. The fern is notably overall very glabrous and smooth. It grows on streambanks, often on rocks in forests and woodland.[5]

Distribution[edit]

Adiantum philippense can be found across south-east Asia. It inhabits tropical areas in Bangladesh, India, Thailand, and Cambodia.

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Christenhusz, Maarten J. M.; Zhang, Xian-Chun; Schneider, Harald (2011). "A linear sequence of extant families and genera of lycophytes and ferns" (PDF). Phytotaxa. 19: 7–54.
  2. ^ Prof. C.P. Khare. "Adiantum lunulatum Burm". Springerreference.com. Retrieved 2013-12-06.
  3. ^ "Taxonomic Information for Adiantum lunulatum - Biological Classifications & Names - Encyclopedia of Life". Eol.org. Retrieved 2013-12-06.
  4. ^ "Adiantum lunulatum - Overview - Encyclopedia of Life". Eol.org. Retrieved 2013-12-06.
  5. ^ Burm.f. "Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Adiantum lunulatum". Zimbabweflora.co.zw. Retrieved 2013-12-06.

External links[edit]