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The Adirondack lean-to was developed by guides of the region as convenient camps to house hunting and fishing parties. The earliest of these shelters were quickly and crudely built but they still offered shelter from the elements.
As the Adirondacks developed, so did the lean-to structures. The previous temporary structures were replaced by sturdy log structures. Made from what was available, balsam or spruce logs were commonly used. Cedar has replaced these species as the primary log, due to its natural rot resistance and easy workability. Some High Peaks lean-tos do not have fire rings in front of them.
Public Adirondack lean-tos
The state of New York owns or controls more than half of the six million acres (24,000 km²) in the Adirondacks. Most of this is protected by Section One of Article 14 of the state's Constitution, known as the Forever Wild Clause: “The lands of the state, now owner or hereafter acquired, constituting the forest preserve as now fixed be law, shall be forever kept as wild forest lands”.
Adirondack lean-tos have been the unique exception to this clause. There are several hundred public lean-tos in the Adirondacks and along the Appalachian Trail. These refuges are generally open to the public on a first-come-first-served basis.